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Daniel Wigfield and Ryan Snelgrove

Canada offers detailed recommendations for skill development programming for all of its defined age groups, but it has been the regional and local clubs who determine what is included in their age-specific programming ( Hockey Canada, 2017b ). Therefore, Hockey Canada has established a culture where

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Ceyda Mumcu and Kimberly Mahoney

facilities and support structure to support pursuit of either event. Event A: Girls Volleyball Junior National Championships This annual event includes over 1,200 teams competing across 5 divisions and multiple age groups. The event draws approximately 18,000 participants and up to 30,000 spectators from

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Andrea Riebock and John Bae

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the sexualized representation of female athletes in the media on the body perceptions of collegiate female athletes. The intention of the research was to examine whether such effects varied depending on college year rank and ethnicity as interrelated factors. Data were collected using questionnaires that consisted of questions addressing aspects (i.e., body shame, consequences of body shame, and goal of appearance) of selfobjectification. Overall, the results indicated that grade level and ethnicity do not play a significant role on the effects of the media on body perceptions. In conclusion, this study can be helpful to develop prevention and intervention programs for age groups and ethnicities most greatly affected by media’s objectification of female athletes.

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Graham Cuskelly, Norman McIntyre and Alistair Boag

The commitment of volunteers is critical to the effective organization and delivery of community-based sport. This paper examined the development of organizational commitment amongst volunteers in relation to several organizational factors and personal characteristics. Using data from a 3-wave longitudinal study of volunteer administrators (n = 328) drawn from 52 randomly selected community-based sport organizations, organizational commitment was examined in relation to a range of variables including personal characteristics (sociodemographics), behavioral commitment, volunteering benefits, structural attributes (organizational size, budget), and process characteristics operationalized as perceptions about committee functioning. Using hierarchical regression analysis, the study found evidence of a directional relationship between perceived committee functioning and organizational commitment. Organizational commitment was also predicted by age group, occupation, years of organizational membership, and time spent on administration. The study demonstrated a temporal relationship between committee functioning and organizational commitment and concluded with a discussion of practical implications and recommendations for further research.

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Joshua Woods

throughout life in low-impact sports and recreation such as swimming, walking, fishing, cross-country skiing, and disc golf ( Son, Kerstetter, & Mowen, 2008 ). Some evidence suggests that disc golf attracts participants from all age groups. For instance, the 2017 State of Disc Golf Survey showed that almost

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. Psychology & Marketing, 31 , 736–757. doi: 10.1002/mar.20731 Parental Views on Sport as Mental Health Intervention Data suggest that approximately 20% of adolescents face mental health disorders. Although mental health disorders for this age group are more prevalent among males, they are also less likely

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Joseph H. Moore

retention seems to be lower when we read, reading is still popular, as “the highest print readership rates are among those age 18–29, and the same age group is still using public libraries in large numbers” ( Rosenwald, 2015 , para 8). Those readers, Rosenwald reported, would rather read in print than in a

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Patti Millar and Alison Doherty

the club is to provide a quality program across all age groups that promotes participation and creates opportunities for competitive development. The curling club experienced successful capacity building to introduce a program for new curlers. The study was undertaken 3 months following the completion

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Yongjae Kim, Soojin Kim and Elizabeth Rogol

& Donthu, 2006 ; Weijters, Rangarajan, Falk, & Schillewaert, 2007 ). Perceived ease of use was found to be a less important factor for the younger age group ( Ha, Yoon, & Choi, 2007 ). Accordingly, this suggests that due to respondents’ experiences and capability to use media technology such as sport team

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Bob Heere, Henry Wear, Adam Jones, Tim Breitbarth, Xiaoyan Xing, Juan Luis Paramio Salcines, Masayuki Yoshida and Inge Derom

wide range of age groups, and different regions in each nation. 1 It is important to note that within each nation only one specific sampling method was used in order to ensure homogeneity of each nation’s sample and prevent method bias. The breakdown of sampling methods for each nation can be found in