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“Californian ‘Start-’Em-Young’ System”: The Golden State and US Swimming, 1954–1964

Matthew R. Hodler and Maureen Smith

to swimming pools in the post-WWII era, increased attention to the Olympic competition during the Cold War, or any other number of reasons. However, at the time, leading swimming luminaries pointed to the increase in national Age Group swimming participation levels, which grew by more than tenfold

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Early Sport Specialization: A Historical Perspective

Maureen M. Smith

This article provides a historical overview of the practice of early sport specialization, primarily in the United States. Sport specialization as practiced by young athletes has been a common occurrence in several individual sports for more than 60 years. More recently, focusing on one sport has gained traction as common practice for young athletes involved in team sports. Sport specialization as a topic of research inquiry has been examined by various disciplines in kinesiology to determine the efficacy of the practice, the physiological effects, and the advantages and disadvantages, as well as to offer possible solutions to the drawbacks associated with sport specialization. Popular press outlets, including newspapers, books, magazines, and online sources, have also joined the debate over the merits of sport specialization.

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Integrated Analysis of Young Swimmers’ Sprint Performance

Ana F. Silva, Pedro Figueiredo, João Ribeiro, Francisco Alves, João Paulo Vilas-Boas, Ludovic Seifert, and Ricardo J. Fernandes

. , & Illescas , C. ( 1994 ). Physiologic considerations in age group swimming . In M. Miyashita , Y. Mutoh , & A.B. Richardson (Eds.), Medicine and science in aquatic sports (pp.  199 – 205 ). Basel, Switzerland : Karger . Chollet , D. , Chalies , S. , & Chatard , J.C. ( 2000 ). A new

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In-Water Resisted Swim Training for Age-Group Swimmers: An Evaluation of Training Effects

Kosuke Kojima, Christopher L. Brammer, Tyler D. Sossong, Takashi Abe, and Joel M. Stager

swimmers remains to be determined. As there is a tendency for training paradigms to rapidly trickle down from the elite, collegiate swimming programs, it is not surprising to find that RST is becoming increasingly common in age-group swimming programs. However, because of the limited data regarding the

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Longitudinal Relationships Between Maturation, Technical Efficiency, and Performance in Age-Group Swimmers: Improving Swimmer Evaluation

Shaun Abbott, Goshi Yamauchi, Mark Halaki, Marcela Torres Castiglioni, James Salter, and Stephen Cobley

. 21 Furthermore, arm propelling efficiency values shown in the current study align with previous studies in age-group swimmers. 22 Considered together, findings provide valuable implications for evaluating performance development across and within age-group swimming. For example, differences in youth

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The Longitudinal Mediating Influence of Maturation on the Relationship Between Strength and Performance in Male Youth Swimmers

Shaun Abbott, Wei En Leong, Tom Gwinn, Giovanni Luca Postiglione, James Salter, and Stephen Cobley

transient maturity-related influences upon swim performance. Interindividual differences in maturation are associated with performance (dis-)advantages in age-group swimming. Conclusion Longitudinal analyses identified linear relationships between shoulder IR strength and maturity status with front

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Don’t Throw the Baby Out With the Bathwater: Talent in Swimming Sprinting Events Might Be Hidden at Early Age

Paolo Riccardo Brustio, Marco Cardinale, Corrado Lupo, and Gennaro Boccia

. Comparing the pathway to success in European Countries competing in the swimming world championships . Front Psychol . 2019 ; 10 : 1437 . doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01437 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01437 21. Abbott S , Hogan C , Castiglioni MT , et al . Maturity-related developmental inequalities in age-group

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The Parent–Child Relationship and Sport Parents’ Experiences of Burnout and Engagement

J.D. DeFreese, Travis E. Dorsch, and Travis A. Flitton

.), Handbook of sport psychology ( 3rd ed. , pp.  621 – 641 ). Hoboken, NJ : Wiley . Eynon , R. , Kitchen , P. , & Semotiuk , D. ( 1980 ). The economics of age-group swimming in Ontario . Canadian Journal of Applied Sport Sciences, 5 , 132 – 136 . Fredricks , J.A. , & Eccles , J.S. ( 2004

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Coach Education and Learning Sources for Coaches of Masters Swimmers

Bettina Callary, Scott Rathwell, and Bradley W. Young

good base coming from age group swimming, but he helped me from the perspective of the cycle that a MA goes through in terms of recovery. I did not have specific training for MAs when I started coaching them and I was still young enough that I didn’t necessarily have a good appreciation for the

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Coach Burnout: A Scoping Review

Peter Olusoga, Marte Bentzen, and Goran Kentta

coaches could display one of three commitment profiles (attraction, entrapment, or low commitment) based on the theoretical determinants of commitment (i.e., costs and benefits, satisfaction and attractive alternatives, investments, and social constraints). In their study with 295 age-group swimming