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Peggy M. Roswal, Claudine Sherrill and Glenn M. Roswal

This study compared the effectiveness of data based and creative dance pedagogies in relation to motor skill performance and self-concept of mentally retarded students. Subjects (N=35) were moderately mentally retarded males and females, ages 11 to 16 years, in special education classes. Their mean age was 12.88 years in the data based group and 13.47 years in the creative dance group. Excluding testing, the study lasted 8 weeks. Each group received 40 lessons of 30 minutes each. Data based pedagogy was based on the work of Dunn, Morehouse, and Dalke (1979), and creative dance pedagogy was based primarily on the work of Riordan (Fitt & Riordan, 1980). Pretest and posttest data were collected through administration of the Data Based Dance Skills Placement Test, selected subtests of the Cratty Six-Category Gross Motor Test, and the Martinek-Zaichkowsky Self-Concept Scale. Multivariate analysis of covariance revealed no difference between pedagogies. The group means indicated improvement in dance skill performance but not in self-concept or body perception, balance, and gross and locomotor agility.

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Anne Jobling

This longitudinal research examined the development of motor proficiency in 99 children with Down syndrome born in Brisbane from 1973 to 1984. The Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOTMP) was used to assess motor proficiency, and the Stanford-Binet L-M was used to obtain a measure of general intelligence. Although significant progress on the BOTMP subtest scores occurred with age for most subtests, this was related to mental age (MA) rather than chronological age (CA). Progress related to CA was associated with upper limb coordination and upper limb speed and dexterity subtests from CA 10 to 12 years, not from 12 to 16 years. There were considerable inter- and intraindividual differences on subtest items. A cluster analysis of 263 assessments revealed no one profile of strengths and weaknesses. Two distinct profiles were found with high scores in either the visual–motor or the running speed and agility subtests, with balance scores at a low level of proficiency in both clusters. Across the study groupings, sex differences were also evident.

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Alison B. Pritchard Orr, Kathy Keiver, Chris P. Bertram and Sterling Clarren

balance subtests), and (d) strength and agility (running speed and agility and strength subtests) ( Bruininks & Bruininks, 2005 ). During the FAST Club program, children rotated through a subset of six motor skill stations that were based on the subtests of the motor domains of the BOT-2. Tasks at each

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ZáNean McClain, E. Andrew Pitchford, E. Kipling Webster, Daniel W. Tindall and Seo Hee Lee

in wheelchair-using youths with spina bifida. Participants ( n  = 53) aged 5–18 with spina bifida who used manual wheelchairs were tested to measure skill-related physical fitness skills (i.e., anaerobic performance, agility, propulsion technique, wheelchair features, and physical factors). Paired t

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Maureen Connolly and William J. Harvey

personality at our movement program. When he began our program, Cam was over 300 pounds and had difficulty with walking and running gait; hip, knee, and back flexion and extension; balance and agility; stair climbing; sending and receiving; and smooth weight transfers. Early in their relationship, Demi

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Wojciech Jedziniak, Piotr Lesiakowski and Teresa Zwierko

cardiovascular endurance in a 9-min walking distance test, and better physical agility measured by a 10-m timed “up and go” test. Furthermore, a recent study on amputee soccer players indicated that psychological factors like extroversion and conscientiousness were significantly more prevalent in disabled

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Ken Pitetti, Ruth Ann Miller and E. Michael Loovis

specific sex as a motor impairment. That is, females tend to score higher on subtest items of fine motor precision, fine motor integration, and manual dexterity; and males, especially beginning in the adolescent years, performed higher than females on subtest items in running speed and agility and strength

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Byron Lai, Eunbi Lee, Mayumi Wagatsuma, Georgia Frey, Heidi Stanish, Taeyou Jung and James H. Rimmer

). Scoping studies: Advancing the methodology . Implementation Science, 5 ( 1 ), 69 . doi:10.1186/1748-5908-5-69 10.1186/1748-5908-5-69 Lin , H.C. , & Wuang , Y.P. ( 2012 ). Strength and agility training in adolescents with Down syndrome: A randomized controlled trial . Research in Developmental

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Aitor Iturricastillo, Javier Yanci and Cristina Granados

, agility, strength and endurance capacity in wheelchair basketball players . Biology of Sport, 32 , 71 – 78 . PubMed doi:10.5604/20831862.1127285 10.5604/20831862.1127285 Yanci , J. , Iturricastillo , A. , & Granados , C. ( 2014 ). Heart rate and body temperature response of wheelchair