The present study examines Foucault’s (1977) concept of normalization as it applies to the emotions of female elite amateur rowers. Specifically, this study sought to understand how beliefs about emotion, developed through the normalization process, may coerce athletes to continue to train even when physically unhealthy. Interviews were conducted with 11 retired elite amateur female rowers who suffered health problems while training but continued training despite these health problems. Interpretation of the data suggests that the rowers suppressed emotions to avoid appearing mentally weak, negative, or irrational, despite needing to express their concerns about training volumes and health issues to minimize deleterious effects that continued training eventually had on their health.
This study tested the relationship between perceived role characteristics and role satisfaction among sport executives. It also investigated the relative importance of role characteristics and individual variables in the prediction of role satisfaction. Measures of perceived role characteristics and role satisfaction were obtained through content analysis of interviews with 60 executives involved in Quebec amateur sport federations. Demographic data were gathered by questionnaire. Results indicated positive correlations between perceived role characteristics and role satisfaction. As demonstrated by multiple regression analysis, the selected individual characteristics (age and marital status) were not predictive of role satisfaction. Use of competence, autonomy, role significance, and recognition were found to be the four major determinants of role satisfaction within the voluntary sport associations.
Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin and Kathleen Wilson
challenge and provide support for these individuals when possible. Elliott, S., & Drummond, M. (2017). The experience of parent-coaches in youth sport: A qualitative case study from Australia. Journal of Amateur Sport, 3 , 64–85. doi: 10.17161/jas.v3i3.6511 Journal website: http
Morgan Potter, John C. Spence, Normand Boulé, Jodie A. Stearns and Valerie Carson
.ypmed.2010.07.018 20682330 4. Canada Fitness Award Manual . Publication No. H93–91. Ottawa, Canada : Government of Canada: Fitness and Amateur Sport ; 1986 . 5. Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology . Canadian Physical Activity, Fitness, and Lifestyle Appraisal (CPAFLA) Manual . Ottawa, Canada
Grant R. Tomkinson, Justin J. Lang, Joel Blanchard, Luc A. Léger and Mark S. Tremblay
multistage 20 meter shuttle run, national norms for 6 to 17 year-olds . Final report, Project No. 240-0010-88/89, submitted to Canadian Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation (CAHPER) and Fitness and Amateur Sport Canada . Montréal, Canada : University of Quebec at Montréal ; 1990 . 83
Safe Sport Act was passed. Designed to prevent sexual abuse of minors and amateur athletes, this legislation requires amateur sport-governing bodies (e.g., USA Gymnastics, USA Basketball, U.S. Ski and Snowboarding Association) to report sex-abuse allegations immediately to local or federal law
William C. Way, Ashley M. Coker-Cranney and Jack C. Watson II
-athletes . Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, 11 ( 4 ), 337 – 351 . doi: 10.1123/JCSP.2016-0035 Moore , M. ( 2016 ). Do psychosocial services make the starting lineup? Providing services to student-athletes . Journal of Amateur Sport, 2, 50 – 74 . doi: 10.17161/jas.v0i0.5046 National Collegiate