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Stephanie Mazerolle, Christianne M. Eason and Stephanie Clines

The graduate assistant (GA) athletic trainer position often symbolizes an important transitory role from student to autonomous practitioner. The position also is used to help gain valuable experience for future employment. Our purpose was to understand the socialization process of the GA athletic trainer as well as investigate the career intentions as they begin to seek employment following their experiences in that transitory role. Twenty-five (5 males, 20 females) GA athletic trainers were recruited and participated in this study. Findings indicate the experiences of novice athletic trainers serving as GAs have the potential to both positively or negatively influence perceptions of the athletic training profession and, ultimately, career intentions.

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Kimberly S. Peer

Sports medicine professionals are facing new dilemmas in light of the changing dynamics of sport as an enterprise. These changes have considerable ethical implications as sports medicine team members are placed in challenging ethical decision-making situations that often create values tensions. These values conflicts have the potential to threaten and degrade the trust established through the mutual expectations inherent in the social contract between the health care providers and society. According to Starr,1 the social contract is defined as the relationship between medicine and society that is renegotiated in response to the complexities of modern medicine and contemporary society. Anchored in expectations of both society and the medical professions, this tacit contract provides a strong compass for professional practice as it exemplifies the powerful role and examines the deep responsibilities held by health care providers in our society. Although governed by professional boards and organizational codes of ethics, sports medicine professionals are challenged by the conflicts of interest between paternalistic care for the athlete and autonomous decisions often influenced by stakeholders other than the athletes themselves. Understanding how the construct of sport has impacted sports health care will better prepare sports medicine professionals for the ethical challenges they will likely face and, more importantly, facilitate awareness and change of the critical importance of upholding the integrity of the professional social contract.

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Marcie Fyock, Nelson Cortes, Alex Hulse and Joel Martin

needs and performance. Individuals may move through the 3 stages of motor learning (cognitive, associative, and autonomous) at different rates; thus, the intervention may need to be adjusted accordingly. 15 Movements in the cognitive stage are characterized as slower, greater variability, less

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Mhairi K. MacLean and Daniel P. Ferris

, Herr HM . Autonomous exoskeleton reduces metabolic cost of human walking during load carriage . J Neuroeng Rehabil . 2014 ; 11 ( 1 ): 80 . doi:10.1186/1743-0003-11-80 24885527 10.1186/1743-0003-11-80 2. Cherry MS , Kota S , Young A , Ferris DP . Running with an elastic lower limb

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Sara L. Nottingham

autonomously upon graduation. 1 , 2 , 4 – 6 Several authors have argued the importance of effective supervision of athletic training students and provided strategies for proper supervision. 3 , 7 , 8 Additionally, researchers recognize that giving responsibility and autonomy is an essential component of the

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Shelby A. Peel, Lauren E. Schroeder, Zachary A. Sievert and Joshua T. Weinhandl

decreases, making the 2 variables autonomous. Figure 2 —Spearman rank correlation plots for (A) unanticipated cut ASF and decelerating ASF, (B) unanticipated cut KAM and decelerating KAM, and (C) unanticipated cut KAM and decelerating ASF. ASF indicates anterior tibial shear force; KAM, knee adduction

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Diego Alonso-Fernandez, Yaiza Taboada-Iglesias, Tania García-Remeseiro and Águeda Gutiérrez-Sánchez

by signing the corresponding informed consent. Procedures This study was approved by the autonomous ethics committee of our institution and was conducted in accordance with the ethical standards for research studies established by the Declaration of Helsinki. The study lasted 13 weeks. In week 1

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Sergio L. Molina and David F. Stodden

). Designing task progression and promoting developmentally appropriate environments in ways that elicit the most advanced movement pattern should be promoted to expedite a child’s progresses toward an autonomous stage ( Fitts & Posner, 1967 ) of learning. References Belkin , D.S. , & Eliot , J.F. ( 1997

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Joshua J. Liddy, Amanda J. Arnold, HyeYoung Cho, Nathaniel L. Romine and Jeffrey M. Haddad

standing balance because grip force levels are autonomously maintained above the minimum requirements, 36 and there are sufficient biomechanical degrees of freedom available to regulate posture and prehension independently. In studies where the magnitude of the grip force was prescribed, 4 , 5 holding

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Nathan F. Johnson, Chloe Hutchinson, Kaitlyn Hargett, Kyle Kosik and Phillip Gribble

, timed up and go. Discussion The present study represents the first exploration of the impact of an easily accessible, low-intensity stretching intervention on a battery of validated and predictive fall assessment tools. The ability for older adults to remain autonomous is dependent upon many factors