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Sarah Stokowski, Bo Li, Benjamin D. Goss, Shelby Hutchens and Megan Turk

is autonomous/self-directed, thereby supporting the natural tendencies of behaving in healthy and productive ways ( Deci & Ryan, 1985a ). The ability to be motivated in such a manner is controlled by the presence of three need factors: autonomy, competence, and purpose ( Lyness, Lurie, Ward, Mooney

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Daniel Wigfield and Ryan Snelgrove

research regarding concussion safety ( Canadian Broadcast Corporation [CBC] Sports, 2013 ; Reddekopp, 2015 ). Furthermore, the foundation for the change was derived from the autonomous decisions made by various provincial governing bodies rather than the national governing body imposing its desired

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Tim Ströbel, B. David Ridpath, Herbert Woratschek, Norm O’Reilly, Markus Buser and Michael Pfahl

-creation of brand meaning ( Ströbel & Germelmann, 2020 ). A brand evolves through the interaction of various actors. Thus, it cannot be built autonomously ( Ströbel & Germelmann, 2020 ). Several interactions and behaviors must be coordinated so that brand image, brand strength, and, ultimately, brand value

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Jaime R. DeLuca and Emily Fornatora

classroom environments that fostered autonomous learning and ownership over outcomes. One student explained that this was due to “kind of doing your own thing” rather than going “into the professor’s world and having to play by his rules” (SSC-FG). Students also understood that the experiential class

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Berit Skirstad and Packianathan Chelladurai

This article builds on prior theory and research on institutional logics and shows how a multisports club changes during its organizational life from an all amateur or voluntary logic to embody multiple logics simultaneously with different subunits being aligned with different organizational fields. The emergence of the professional logic for elite soccer in the presence of a volunteer logic caused a change in the structure of the club whereby all the units in the club became economically and legally autonomous. Soccer was divisionalized into soccer for everybody and soccer for the elite. The creation of a shareholding company and the use of an investment company which introduced the commercial logic were the next steps. This paper extends the literature by suggesting that different and opposing institutional logics such as the amateur, the professional, and commercial logics can coexist within a multisports club or, to put it another way, that the multisports club may belong to several organizational fields.

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Scott R. Jedlicka

-called “amateur” sports associated with the Olympic movement) ought to be autonomous, their authority absolute and unquestioned. While this principle has been defended as a necessary buffer against the politicization of sport governing bodies, Pielke argues that it actually undermines these organizations

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Timothy Mirabito, Robin Hardin and Joshua R. Pate

critical between the NCAA staff and conference staffs. Here within lies the recent communication breakdown between the NCAA and conferences that was brought to the forefront with the COVID-19 pandemic. There was also a communication gap between the conferences themselves, most notably the autonomous

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Wonseok Jang, Yong Jae Ko, Daniel L. Wann and Daehwan Kim

mood states . San Diego, CA : Educational and Industrial Testing Service . Mouratidis , A.A. , Vansteenkiste , M. , Sideridis , G. , & Lens , W. ( 2011 ). Vitality and interest-enjoyment as a function of class-to-class variation in need-supportive teaching and pupils’ autonomous motivation

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Jon Welty Peachey, Laura Burton, Janelle Wells and Mi Ryoung Chung

leadership training) for followers to develop and enhance their own servant leadership behaviors. Leaders should create autonomous working environments for staff through actively empowering and supporting their daily work routines; facilitate opportunities to build relationships among staff, volunteers, and

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Mathieu Winand, Matthew Belot, Sebastian Merten and Dimitrios Kolyperas

federations). As such, they fall into the category of meta-organizations ( Ahrne & Brunsson, 2008 ), as their members are not individuals but organizations themselves. Meta-organizations and their members are both autonomous, but by affiliation to a meta-organization, organization members renounce some of