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Amy I. Zlot, John Librett, David Buchner and Tom Schmid


This study examines environmental, transportation, social, and time barriers to physical activity.


Survey questions from the nationally representative Greenstyles survey (N = 2181) were summed to create environmental, transportation, social, and time barrier variables. Logistic regression was used to determine if the barrier variables had a significant association with physical activity levels.


Those who have low barriers to physical activity are more likely to meet the recommended physical activity levels compared with those with medium and high barriers. In addition, transportation, social capital, and time barriers independently contributed to the low levels of physical activity.


Removal of multiple barriers to physical activity may have an additive effect of increasing physical activity levels in Americans. Promoting physical activity requires strategies and research across multiple sectors to mitigate these barriers.

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Phillip M. Gray, Marie H. Murphy, Alison M. Gallagher and Ellen E. A. Simpson

This study explored motives and barriers to physical activity (PA) among older adults of differing socioeconomic status (SES) utilizing a self-determination theory and self-efficacy theory framework. Focus groups (n = 4) were conducted with older adults (n = 28) from two SES groups, using thematic analysis to identify motives and barriers. Integrated and identified regulations and, to a lesser extent, intrinsic motives, were evident across SES groups. Verbal persuasion and affective and physiological states emerged as prominent efficacy sources regardless of SES. More barriers were reported by the low SES group, with health conditions, neighborhood safety, and PA guidelines knowledge emerging as most salient. Time emerged as a prominent barrier for the high SES group. Integrated and identified regulations should be fostered in future interventions and policy regardless of SES. Barriers to PA varied across SES groups; thus future interventions and policy should account for such differences.

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Elissa Burton, Kaela Farrier, Gill Lewin, Simone Pettigrew, Anne-Marie Hill, Phil Airey, Liz Bainbridge and Keith D. Hill

Regular participation in resistance training is important for older people to maintain their health and independence, yet participation rates are low. The study aimed to identify motivators and barriers to older people participating in resistance training. A systematic review was conducted including quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-method studies. Searches generated 15,920 citations from six databases, with 14 studies (n = 1,937 participants) included. In total, 92 motivators and 24 barriers were identified. Motivators specific to participating in resistance training included preventing deterioration (disability), reducing risk of falls, building (toning) muscles, feeling more alert, and better concentration. Looking too muscular and thinking participation increased the risk of having a heart attack, stroke, or death, despite the minimal likelihood of these occurring, were barriers. The analysis indicates that increasing participation in resistance training among older people should focus on the specific benefits valued by older people and the dissemination of accurate information to counter misperceptions.

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Juliana Souza de Oliveira, Catherine Sherrington, Louise Rowling and Anne Tiedemann

; Picorelli, Pereira, Pereira, Felicio, & Sherrington, 2014 ), in the face of low social support, low motivation, or environmental barriers ( Franco et al., 2015 ). Nonetheless, the benefits of exercise are maximized with continued and regular participation over the long term ( Bennett & Winters-Stone, 2011

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Claire R. Jenkin, Rochelle M. Eime, Hans Westerbeek and Jannique G.Z. van Uffelen

active. To develop effective physical activity strategies, the barriers to, as well as the benefits of, physical activity participation for older adults needs to be better understood. The majority of the research investigating the benefits of, and the barriers to, physical activity participation for

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Tanya Prewitt-White, Christopher P. Connolly, Yuri Feito, Alexandra Bladek, Sarah Forsythe, Logan Hamel and Mary Ryan McChesney

White ( 2002 ) suggested that trained pregnant athletes are likely able to safely engage in activities beyond the conservative intensities previously recommended by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) ( Artal & O’toole, 2003 ). Given the many barriers to physical activity

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Nicola Brown and Yasmin Bowmer

-Tilaki & Heidari, 2006 ). This highlights the need for women to be supported in increasing their PA levels. In order to develop optimal PA interventions, it is important to identify the barriers and motivators to engage in PA. Typically, individuals who perceive more exercise benefits and fewer exercise barriers

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Aysha M. Thomas, Kayleigh M. Beaudry, Kimbereley L. Gammage, Panagiota Klentrou and Andrea R. Josse

identified several common perceived barriers to PA and assessed correlates/determinates of PA participation in adolescent and adult populations. 3 , 6 , 15 – 20 Generally, they can be divided into intrapersonal, interpersonal, and structural factors, although this is not the only way to classify these

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Karl Spiteri, David Broom, Amira Hassan Bekhet, John Xerri de Caro, Bob Laventure and Kate Grafton

sport or strength training, or unstructured, such as while doing household chores. The determinants of PA differ depending on the type of activity ( Koeneman, Verheijden, Chinapaw, & Hopman-Rock, 2011 ). Previous systematic reviews have identified the barriers and motivators toward PA or exercise

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Amy E. Burton, Louise Clancy and Lisa Cowap

are controlled ( Swanson, Bodner, Sawyer, & Allman, 2012 ), illustrating a need to explore the specific contributions of sight loss to physical activity reduction. Recently, Phoenix, Griffin, and Smith ( 2015 ) proposed that barriers are located within the social worlds of older adults with sight loss