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Emma E. Sypes, Genevieve Newton and Zakkoyya H. Lewis

Background: Electronic activity monitor systems (EAMSs) have been readily incorporated into physical activity (PA) and weight-loss interventions to facilitate self-monitoring PA behavior. A comprehensive review is required to better understand their utility as intervention modalities in nonclinical populations. Methods: Medscape, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Cochrane databases were searched in February 2017, with a search update in April 2017. Citation screening, risk of bias assessment, and an intensity evaluation were conducted in duplicate by 2 investigators. Results: The search returned 409 unique citations. Of which, 22 citations met the inclusion criteria. Seven studies found significant between-group differences: 3 in weight loss, 3 in PA levels, and 1 in both weight loss and PA levels. Effective interventions lasted 6 weeks to 12 months. Positive health outcomes were demonstrated when users interacted with multiple features of the EAMS and had access to other services, such as personal coaching or environmental reinforcement. Conclusions: When control and intervention groups have access to the same components, such as counseling or group interaction, the addition of an EAMS for self-monitoring within the intervention group may not confer more favorable results. Risk of performance bias and low sample sizes should be addressed in future trials to generate more reliable findings.

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Nessan Costello, Jim McKenna, Louise Sutton, Kevin Deighton and Ben Jones

interventions to be successful within the challenging environment of professional sport ( Coutts 2016 ; Jones et al., 2017a ). The purpose of this case study was to demonstrate how the Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW; Michie et al., 2014 ) was used to design and implement a successful nutritional intervention

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Emma C. Neupert, Stewart T. Cotterill and Simon A. Jobson

practice. The Behaviour Change Wheel, 14 an ecological framework for implementing behavior change interventions could instead provide elite sport with a structured approach to enable selection of appropriate interventions and guide their subsequent implementation. This study aimed to explore the views of

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Colin B. Shore, Gill Hubbard, Trish Gorely, Robert Polson, Angus Hunter and Stuart D. Galloway

E , et al . Teachable moments for health behaviour change and intermediate patient outcomes . Patient Educ Couns . 2014 ; 96 ( 1 ): 43 – 49 . doi:10.1016/j.pec.2014.03.014 24856449 10.1016/j.pec.2014.03.014 36. Lawson PJ , Flocke S . Teachable moments for health behaviour change: a concept

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Rebecca Stanley, Rachel Jones, Christian Swann, Hayley Christian, Julie Sherring, Trevor Shilton and Anthony Okely

change wheel: a new method for characterising and designing behaviour change interventions . Implement Sci . 2011 ; 6 : 42 . PubMed ID: 21513547 doi:10.1186/1748-5908-6-42 10.1186/1748-5908-6-42 21513547 Erratum: Stanley et al. (2020) In the original publication of this article, author Christian Swann

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Laura J. McGowan, Rachael Powell and David P. French

. , & Michie , S. ( 2012 ). Validation of the theoretical domains framework for use in behaviour change and implementation research . Implementation Science, 7 , 37 . PubMed ID: 22530986 doi:10.1186/1748-5908-7-37 10.1186/1748-5908-7-37 Chastin , S. , Fitzpatrick , N. , Andrews , M. , & DiCroce

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Lubna Abdul Razak, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Jannah Jones, Sze Lin Yoong, Alice Grady, Meghan Finch, Kirsty Seward, Edouard Tursan d’Espaignet, Rimante Ronto, Ben Elton and Luke Wolfenden

Paediatr Child Health . 2016 ; 52 ( 7 ): 765 – 770 . PubMed ID: 27244222 doi:10.1111/jpc.13252 10.1111/jpc.13252 27244222 27. Atkins L , Francis J , Islam R , et al . A guide to using the theoretical domains framework of behaviour change to investigate implementation problems . Implement Sci

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Justin Kompf

method for characterising and designing behaviour change interventions . Implement Sci . 2011 ; 6 : 24 . 10.1186/1748-5908-6-42 9. Ayotte BJ , Margrett JA , Patrick JH . Physical activity in middle-aged and young-old adults . J Health Psychol . 2010 ; 15 ( 2 ): 173 – 185 . PubMed ID

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Heather J. Leach, Katie B. Potter and Mary C. Hidde

.1007/s10549-014-3255-5 15. Short CE , James EL , Stacey F , Plotnikoff RC . A qualitative synthesis of trials promoting physical activity behaviour change among post-treatment breast cancer survivors . J Cancer Surviv . 2013 ; 7 ( 4 ): 570 – 581 . PubMed ID: 23888337 doi:10.1007/s11764

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Navin Kaushal, Ryan E. Rhodes, John T. Meldrum and John C. Spence

. PubMed ID: 25921307 doi:10.1007/s12160-015-9704-5 10.1007/s12160-015-9704-5 Rhodes , R.E. , & Pfaeffli , L.A. ( 2010 ). Mediators of physical activity behaviour change among adult non-clinical populations: A review update . International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 7