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Renee Engeln, Margaret Shavlik and Colleen Daly

focused on increasing health and strength. State-level body satisfaction and mood were assessed via pre- and post-tests. Experiences of self-objectification during the class were assessed at post-test. We predicted that, relative to the appearance-focused condition, those in the function-focused condition

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A.P. (Karin) de Bruin and Raôul R.D. Oudejans

relation to both the predominant athletic body ideals and the body ideals in general society ( Loland, 1999 ). Qualitative studies into contextual body image have shown that athletes often experience different levels of body satisfaction in the athletic and social contexts, also referred to as the

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Justine J. Reel, Robert A. Bucciere and Sonya SooHoo

Individuals with intellectual disabilities are largely marginalized within society and are understudied as a group (Reel & Bucciere, 2011). Although there have been numerous body image studies with able-bodied athletes, this study represents the first attempt to explore body image of male and female Special Olympics athletes. Athletes (N = 103) were 18–61 years of age (M = 33.34; SD = 11.20) and represented mild to moderate severity for diagnosable intellectual disabilities. Height and weight were measured to determine body mass index (BMI). Body image was verbally assessed via individual interviews using the Figure Ratings Scale and open-ended items. Female athletes had a significantly higher BMI (M = 33.02, SD = 9.28) than male athletes (M = 28.24, SD = 7.38). The BMI means for the female and male athletes met the classifications for obese and overweight, respectively. There was also a negative relationship between body satisfaction and BMI in the overall sample (r = -.46), male athletes only (r = -.51), and female athletes only (r = -.38, indicating that higher BMI was associated with lower body satisfaction. Descriptive statistics revealed that 51% of female athletes and 37% of male athletes desired a thinner physique, whereas 20% of female athletes and 29.6% of male athletes wanted to be larger. There were no significant gender differences in levels of overall body dissatisfaction in this study.

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Sheryl Miller and Mary Fry

 al., 2013 ; Strelan & Hargreaves, 2005 ), which may contribute to the already decreased body satisfaction many college goers’ experience. Therefore, fitness professionals would benefit from better understanding how to foster college students’ engagement in regular physical activity for health

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Hayley Perelman, Joanna Buscemi, Elizabeth Dougherty and Alissa Haedt-Matt

, whereas academic eligibility requirements are set by each Division III school ( Varnes et al., 2013 ). In general, research has found that athletes at lower division levels (e.g., Division III) experience greater body satisfaction than non-athletes ( DiBartolo & Shaffer, 2002 ; Varnes et al., 2013

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Andrea S. Hartmann, Florian Steenbergen, Silja Vocks, Dirk Büsch and Manuel Waldorf

preferred not to answer. The present study tried to ameliorate this problem by allowing participants to refrain from responding to APED-related items. And lastly, a clear shortcoming of the study is that it did not include a focus-independent measure of global body satisfaction or body esteem (e

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Rachael E. Flatt and Craig Barr Taylor

-Risk Populations Efficacious online ED prevention programs often attempt to minimize risk primarily through improving body satisfaction and self-esteem, developing better eating and exercise habits, improving cognitions, and deterring users from developing an ED by describing the potential negative consequences of