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John Sugden and Alan Tomlinson

This article reviews the impact of the 1994 World Cup (Soccer) Finals upon contemporary US sports culture. The authors draw upon historical and sociological scholarship on North American sports culture, participant observation data generated by them during the World Cup itself, and empirical sources on the context and impact of the World Cup’s development and implementation. These sources are used within an analytical framework derived from critical and investigative sociological traditions. The article situates the case study within debates concerning the USA’s sports space and the nature of globalizing processes within contemporary sport. It is concluded that though the World Cup was notably successful as spectacle and event (as predicted by a number of commentators), and as the accomplishment of interlocking networks of sports administrative elites, its impact upon established US sports culture and space has been minimal.

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John Fry and Daniel Bloyce

This article examines the effects of globalization on the well-being of migrant professional athletes. Interviews with 20 touring professional golfers reveal that players experience many of the personal problems—such as loneliness, isolation, low decision latitude, low social support, and effort-reward imbalance—which have been identified as “strong predictors of mental ill-health” (Leka & Jain, 2010, p. 65). Feelings of loneliness and isolation developed as players were regularly apart from family and friends, and spent most of their time with other golfers whom they had somewhat superficial relationships with. These feelings coupled with, for many, uncertain income generated through golf added further to their work-related anxieties. Overall, results highlight the importance of considering how workplace anxieties and vulnerabilities impact on athlete migrants’ health and well-being.

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M. Ann Hall

’s professional sports in nineteenth-century North America—what sport historian Roberta Park called “contesting the norm.” 6 Mostly, these athletes were circus performers, pedestriennes (race walkers), wrestlers, boxers, shooters, natationists (swimmers), baseball players, high-wheel and safety bicycle racers

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Sheila Hanlon

historical inquiry that corrects many misconceptions about early women’s cycling history. Armaindo was born Marie Louise Brisebois in 1857 to a working-class Quebecois family. After joining the circus at the age of 14, she adopted Armaindo as her stage name and developed a backstory to match, claiming to

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Matthew R. Hodler

edition (Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2002); Bruce Kidd, “The Myth of the Ancient Games” in Five-Ring Circus: Money, Power and Politics at the Olympic Games , ed. Alan Tomlinson and Garry Whannel (London: Pluto Press, 1984), 71–83; Matthew P. Llewellyn and John Gleaves, “A Universal Dilemma

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Patricia Vertinsky

the “Gymnasium circuit” was set up by Hill to take dance performances to college gymnasia. Doris Humphrey was one of a number to ruefully—and rather unkindly -concede the importance of the despised physical education department. “It is something like a combination of a circus and a drugstore. It keeps

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Jules Boykoff

York : Zed Books . Viswanathan G. (Ed.). ( 2001 ). Power, politics and culture: Interviews with Edward Said . London, UK : Bloomsbury . Zimbalist , A. ( 2015 ). Circus maximus: The economic gamble behind hosting the olympics and the world cup . Washington, DC : The Brookings Institution .

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Rob Millington, Simon C. Darnell and Brad Millington

), industry (e.g. the golf industry), and the state (e.g. Brazil) (see Figure  1 ). By drawing upon the notion of ecological modernization, all three of these somewhat disparate stakeholders have articulated visions of sustainable development that are largely complementary—creating a sort of integrated circus

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Phillip Chipman and Kevin B. Wamsley

-43), it seems contests were held on a yearly basis until the folding of SDP in 1956. Worthy of noting was the composition of such contests. Other than the bodybuilding competition, Gagnon included comedy routines, circus acts, musical numbers, strongman feats, and also performed his own posing routine. 78