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Wendell C. Taylor, Myron F. Floyd, Melicia C. Whitt-Glover, and Joseph Brooks


Despite the importance of physical activity (PA) for good health, not all populations have equal access to PA facilities and resources. This disparity is an environmental justice (EJ) issue because of the negative impact on the health of low-income and racial/ethnic minorities.


This paper reviews the first wave of the EJ movement, presents the second wave of the EJ movement, discusses the implications of adopting principles from the EJ movement to focus on research in parks and recreation services (PRS), and recommends future research directions.


Studies on EJ have documented the disproportionate burden of environmental challenges experienced by low-income and racial/ethnic minorities. With regard to PA, these communities face inadequate access to, quality of, financing for, and public involvement in recreation opportunities.


EJ is a useful framework to facilitate collaborative research between public health and PRS to study racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in PA.

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Danielle Rousseau, Kimberleigh Weiss-Lewit, and Mark Lilly

use their position and access to people’s bodies, hearts, and minds without careful consideration of the undeniable and unequal power dynamic in the teacher/student relationship, the harm done can leave a student victimized and ostracized from their entire community. Empowering Change in the Yoga

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Katherine Raw, Emma Sherry, Katie Rowe, and Shelley Turner

vital when looking to foster community empowerment ( Lawson, 2005 ). Although the training of these staff and local volunteers is thought to be essential in SFD ( Welty Peachey et al., 2015 ), the nature of staffing in SFD means that many individuals often lack the qualifications and training, or

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Carrie W. LeCrom, Brendan Dwyer, and Gregory Greenhalgh

” ( Schulenkforf, 2012 , p. 7). The focus of the framework is on the project or event’s contribution to creating social change or community empowerment, and its author notes that this relies heavily on active community participation and engagement. Change agents are highlighted as important to the early

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Catalina Belalcazar and Bettina Callary

environment that promotes and supports the development of members, positive community empowerment, collective identities, social networks, well-being, health, and lifelong learning ( Lawson, 2005 ). Although there are no formalized coaching positions in the league, certain players have stepped up to promote

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Jeffrey Montez de Oca

be anti-capitalist, it often is because it is fundamentally about community empowerment and solidarity ( Patmore & Balnave, 2018 ). Cooperatives pool a community’s wealth to overcome barriers, they provide a means of keeping the wealth workers’ generate in the hands of workers, and they foster

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Kristen Day

, indices of obesity and mean arterial blood pressure: does places of living matter? Rural vs urban . J Clin Diagn Res . 2011 ; 5 ( 5 ): 1038 – 1042 . 170. Mohan V , Shanthirani CS , Deepa M , Williams OD , Deepa R . Community empowerment—a successful model for prevention of non

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Katherine Raw, Emma Sherry, and Katie Rowe

, N. , & Sugden , J. ( 2011 ). Sport for development and peace in divided societies: Cooperating for inter-community empowerment in Israel . European Journal for Sport and Society, 8 , 235 – 256 . doi:10.1080/16138171.2011.11687881 10.1080/16138171.2011.11687881 Schulenkorf , N. , Sugden

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Madison Ardizzi, Brian Wilson, Lyndsay Hayhurst, and Janet Otte

community empowerment for these women. Although these responses represent how female beneficiaries embodied the intended empowerment of the bicycle projects, the organizations still faced challenges when distributing bicycles to this population because it was up to the women to overcome community members

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Kathy Babiak, Lucie Thibault, and Annick Willem

bicycle tourism plan . Journal of Hospitality & Leisure Marketing , 4 ( 1 ), 83 – 95 . doi:10.1300/J150v04n01_06 10.1300/J150v04n01_06 Schulenkorf , N. , & Sugden , J. ( 2011 ). Sport for development and peace in divided societies: Cooperating for inter-community empowerment in Israel . European