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Uta Kraus, Sophie Clara Holtmann and Tanja Legenbauer

Eating Disturbances Among Athletes In the last decade, the relationship between competitive sports and eating disturbances among athletes has gained increasing interest and several studies were initiated that investigated prevalence rates of eating disorders in athletes as well as associations

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Christian A. Clermont, Sean T. Osis, Angkoon Phinyomark and Reed Ferber

associated with running performance, and one of the main kinematic differences associated with better running economy is a less extended leg at toe-off via less plantarflexion and/or less knee extension. 10 , 11 , 13 , 14 However, research on kinematic differences between competitive and recreational

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Jahan Heidari, Johanna Belz, Monika Hasenbring, Jens Kleinert, Claudia Levenig and Michael Kellmann

jeopardize career perspectives and continuous, high-level competitiveness in affected athletes. 3 , 4 Back pain (BP) exemplifies such a detrimental condition and ranges among the most prevalent and severe burdens in the population of athletes, with point prevalence rates of low BP ranging from 18% for

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Alvin R. Loosli and June Quick

Although shoulder and knee injuries are the most common injuries in swimmers, thigh/groin strains have recently been identified as a critical area in elite competitive breaststroke swimmers. A survey of high-level collegiate breaststroke swimmers revealed a 33% incidence of this hip flexor adductor injury. A comprehensive treatment and prevention program is detailed in this paper.

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Ryan S. McCann, Kyle B. Kosik, Masafumi Terada and Phillip A. Gribble

Key Points ▸ No previous study has developed a prediction model for recurrent ankle sprains in high school and collegiate athletes. ▸ Increased patient height and mass were associated with increased odds of sustaining a recurrent ankle sprain in the same competitive season. ▸ Commonly-used disease

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Stef Feijen, Angela Tate, Kevin Kuppens, Thomas Struyf, Anke Claes and Filip Struyf

, but this requires sufficient shoulder flexion range of motion (ROM). 3 , 4 Adequate flexibility of the LD muscle also allows the shoulder to reach full motion by enhancing both lateral rotation of the humerus and scapular upward rotation. 4 Competitive swimmers are often exposed to tremendous

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Dana K. Voelker and Justine J. Reel

eating disorder symptomatology with the most frequently reported source being performance demands and the perceived link between being successful skaters and their bodies. The purpose of this qualitative investigation was to examine male competitive figure skaters’ experiences of weight pressure in sport

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Mark T. Suffolk

The sport of competitive bodybuilding is strongly associated with muscle dysmorphia, a body-image-related psychological disorder. This theoretical article draws on existing concepts, namely stereotyping, prejudice, and positive deviance in sport, to explicate the notion that competitive bodybuilding and body-image disturbance may be mistakenly conflated. The perspective offered here goes beyond the countercultural physique to argue that a negative social perception of competitive bodybuilders obscures the pragmatic necessity to develop a hypermesomorphic physique. Competitive bodybuilders (CBs) and athletes in mainstream competitive sport exhibit congruent psychobehavioral tendencies. In a competitive-sport context, behavior among CBs perceived as pathological may primarily represent a response to the ideological sporting ethic of “win at all costs,” not extreme body-image disturbance. Analyzing the psychobehavioral characteristics of CBs within a sporting rather than a pathological framework, allows for a contextual assessment of behaviors to then determine the clinical significance relative to the research population under investigation.

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Jesús Seco-Calvo, Juan Mielgo-Ayuso, César Calvo-Lobo and Alfredo Córdova

’s medical doctor, followed a similar diet throughout the competitive season, and especially during the study, according to the adequacy of nutrient intakes in elite basketball players. 25 Concomitant health problems were ruled out by reviewing clinical reports and the medical examination. Participants and

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Scott B. Martin, Christy M. Polster, Allen W. Jackson, Christy A. Greenleaf and Gretchen M. Jones

The purpose of this investigation was to explore the frequency and intensity of worries and fears associated with competitive gymnastics. These issues were initially examined in a sample of 7 female college gymnasts using a semistructured guided interview. From the themes that emerged and relevant literature, a survey including parallel intensity and frequency of worry questions was administered to 120 female gymnasts competing in USA Gymnastics sanctioned events. Results indicated that even though gymnasts worry about attempting and performing skills on the balance beam and uneven bars, more of them experienced a greater number of injuries on the floor exercise. Analysis of covariance for intensity and frequency using age as the covariate revealed that advanced gymnasts had more intense worries about body changes and performing skills and more frequent worries about body changes than less skilled gymnasts (p < .05). Advanced gymnasts also reported using more strategies to modify their worries than did less skilled gymnasts.