This study explores the media-related attitudes and values of 10 male wheelchair athletes by soliciting their opinions and suggestions concerning disability sport print media. Using the “auto drive” technique for qualitative data collection, the analysis reveals four themes: (a) athletes are avid consumers of mainstream sport media; b) they use both mainstream and niche publications; (c) they do not want “courtesy coverage,” but instead, coverage focusing on elite elements of their sports; (d) they are unsure of media obligation in the coverage of sports involving athletes with disabilities. While the scope of this investigation is limited to male wheelchair athletes, the themes can provide a basis for further analysis and study in the emerging area of sport media research as it relates to disability.
Brent Hardin and Marie Hardin
Jeffrey J. Martin and Kerry Smith
The purpose of the current investigation was to examine friendship quality with a best friend in youth disability sport with an international sample of moderately experienced athletes with disabilities ages 9 to 18 years. Participants were 85 males and 65 females from four countries who competed in track and field and swimming. Data were collected with the Sport Friendship Quality Scale (Weiss & Smith, 1999). An exploratory factor analyses indicated that participants viewed their friendship quality with a best friend in disability sport as having both positive and negative dimensions. The latter focused exclusively on conflict experiences. Females reported stronger perceptions of the benefits of their friendships than males did; whereas no gender differences occurred in perceptions of the negative aspects to friendships. Item analyses indicated that females scored higher than males on questions reflecting loyalty, providing intimacy, self-esteem, supportiveness, having things in common, and playing together.
Robin J. Farrell, Peter R.E. Crocker, Meghan H. McDonough and Whitney A. Sedgwick
Special Olympics programs provide competitive sport opportunities for athletes with intellectual disabilities. This study investigated athletes’ perceptions of motivation in Special Olympics. Using Self-Determination Theory (SDT) as a guiding framework to explore athletes’ experiences, 38 Special Olympians (21 males and 17 females) from British Columbia, Canada were interviewed. The data suggested that factors that enhanced autonomy, competence, and relatedness were linked to the participants’ motivation in Special Olympics programs. These factors included positive feedback, choice, learning skills, demonstrating ability, friendships, social approval, and fun. Social support from significant others was a key factor related to participation motivation. There was also evidence for the motivating aspects of extrinsic rewards. Motivation was undermined primarily by conflicts with coaches and teammates.
Amanda Ebert and Donna L. Goodwin
participant described navigating competing demands, priorities, and assumptions across the professional landscape environment. The participants described the moral discomfort that arose when their axiological assumption base and professional actions conflicted with disabling policies, procedures, and
Hyokju Maeng, E. Kipling Webster, E. Andrew Pitchford and Dale A. Ulrich
, child assent was obtained on the day of testing, prior to beginning the assessment. The procedures of this study and management of any potential conflict of interest 1 were both approved by the institutional review board of the University of Michigan. Five raters were recruited by the principal
Justin A. Haegele, Carrie J. Aigner and Sean Healy
this difference was not statistically significant, potentially clinically meaningful differences (5.35–5.98%) were present. Still, these findings conflict with research using convenience samples, which consistently demonstrates PA differences between those with and without VIs ( Haegele & Porretta
Soubhagyalaxmi Mohanty, Balaram Pradhan and Alex Hankey
minimize potential conflicts with other school events such as exams, annual day, and so forth. Assessments In this research, physical fitness was assessed by four selected items from the Eurofit Test Battery: (a) handgrip strength (static strength); (b) sit and reach (flexibility); (c) sit-ups (trunk
Cathy McKay, Jung Yeon Park and Martin Block
( Liu et al., 2010 ; Panagiotou et al., 2008 ) had conflicting findings. A meta-analysis of over 500 papers and 250,000 people in 38 countries supported the basic premise of contact theory ( Pettigrew & Tropp, 2006 ). The meta-analysis indicated that when participants experienced carefully structured
Xihe Zhu and Justin A. Haegele
for children with visual impairments. Interestingly, however, children with visual impairments had distinct reactivity patterns, which conflicted with their family members, as well as previous research findings ( Dössegger et al., 2014 ; Motl et al., 2012 ). That is, children with visual impairments
Byron Lai, Katie Cederberg, Kerri A. Vanderbom, C. Scott Bickel, James H. Rimmer and Robert W. Motl
. Table 4 Reasons for Participant Dropout Reasons for dropout (Total 326 Participants) MS (45 Studies) SCI (5 Studies) TBI (5 Studies) Logistical issues ( n = 128) lost contact/did not return for assessment 22 27 20 travel/emigrated 4 2 lack of time/scheduling conflict 26 4 computer