Coping with sport injuries is one of the realities of engagement in physical activity, and a significant body of evidence on the psychological aspects of sport injuries documents the stressful and challenging nature of injury experiences ( Wiese-Bjornstal, Smith, Shaffer, & Morrey, 1998 ). Many
Diane M. Wiese-Bjornstal, Kristin N. Wood, Amanda J. Wambach, Andrew C. White, and Victor J. Rubio
Benjamin J. Levin and Jim Taylor
Surfers are a heterogeneous population with a common interest in riding waves. Surfers qualitatively describe the surfing sensation as a hybrid of meditative and athletic experience. Numerous empirical studies link both meditative experience and exercise with reduced incidence of depression and anxiety; this potentially suggests that surfers may endorse fewer symptoms of either disorder. One hundred surfers (N = 100) were administered the Beck Depression Inventory-II, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations, and a demographics questionnaire. Results indicate that surfers reported significantly fewer symptoms of depression and anxiety, and employed emotion-based coping responses to stressful situations significantly less than the general populace. Surfers also employed avoidance-based coping strategies more frequently than the general populace. Future study should evaluate causal relationships between surfing and incidence of depression and anxiety.
Adam R. Nicholls, John L. Perry, and Luis Calmeiro
Grounded in Lazarus’s (1991, 1999, 2000) cognitive-motivational-relational theory of emotions, we tested a model of achievement goals, stress appraisals, emotions, and coping. We predicted that precompetitive achievement goals would be associated with appraisals, appraisals with emotions, and emotions with coping in our model. The mediating effects of emotions among the overall sample of 827 athletes and two stratified random subsamples were also explored. The results of this study support our proposed model in the overall sample and the stratified subsamples. Further, emotion mediated the relationship between appraisal and coping. Mediation analyses revealed that there were indirect effects of pleasant and unpleasant emotions, which indicates the importance of examining multiple emotions to reveal a more accurate representation of the overall stress process. Our findings indicate that both appraisals and emotions are just as important in shaping coping.
Alison L. Smith, Nikos Ntoumanis, Joan L. Duda, and Maarten Vansteenkiste
Developing upon cross-sectional research (Smith, Ntoumanis, & Duda, 2007) supporting the self-concordance model (Sheldon & Elliot, 1999) as a framework for contextual goal striving, the current study investigated the assumptions of the model in relation to season-long goal striving in sport. The study additionally examined the role of coping strategies in the persistence of goal-directed effort. Structural equation modeling analysis with a sample of 97 British athletes indicated that start-of-season autonomous goal motives were linked to midseason effort, which subsequently predicted end-of-season goal attainment. Attainment was positively related to changes in psychological need satisfaction, which, in turn, predicted changes in emotional well-being. In a second model, autonomous and controlled motives positively predicted task- and disengagement-oriented coping strategies, respectively. In turn, these strategies were differentially associated with effort. The findings provide support for contextual adaptations of the self-concordance model and demonstrate the role of coping strategies in the goal striving process.
Florence Lebrun, Áine MacNamara, Dave Collins, and Sheelagh Rodgers
as on the coping strategies used to deal with sport- (e.g., injury, performance issues, competitive and organisational stressors) and non-sport-related (e.g., personal life events, psychosocial stressors) stressors ( Kristiansen & Roberts, 2010 ; Nicholls & Polman, 2007 ; Rice et al., 2016
Chantelle Zimmer, Janice Causgrove Dunn, and Nicholas L. Holt
). Coping is the process of dealing with difficult situations; it requires a person to adapt what he or she does in different contexts to take into account the personal skills and/or social resources needed to adequately address these demands. While researchers continually allude to certain coping responses
Zenzi Huysmans and Damien Clement
: self-kindness in times of perceived inadequacy, common humanity, and balanced awareness of emotions (i.e., mindfulness; Neff, 2003 ). Research indicates that it is positively associated with adaptive coping, positive psychological functioning, well-being, and life satisfaction ( Allen & Leary, 2010
Tyler L. Malone, Adam Kern, Emily Klueh, and Daniel Eisenberg
undergraduates screen positive for depression, anxiety disorder, suicidal ideation, or a combination of the aforementioned diagnoses ( Eisenberg, Hunt, & Speer, 2013 ). As mental health problems continue to escalate among college students, it is important to identify strategies for promoting coping skills to
Pedro Teques, Luís Calmeiro, Henrique Martins, Daniel Duarte, and Nicholas L. Holt
that EI ability is a component of sport parenting expertise. However, relationships between parent EI, coping, and verbal sideline behaviors have yet to be examined in the youth sport literature. Salovey and Mayer ( 1990 ) originally defined EI as a “subset of social intelligence that involves the
Adam R. Nicholls, John L. Perry, Leigh Jones, Dave Morley, and Fraser Carson
It is accepted among scholars that coping changes as people mature during adolescence, but little is known about the relationship between maturity and coping. The purpose of this paper was to assess a model, which included dispositional coping, coping effectiveness, and cognitive social maturity. We predicted that cognitive social maturity would have a direct effect on coping effectiveness, and also an indirect impact via dispositional coping. Two hundred forty-five adolescent athletes completed measures of dispositional coping, coping effectiveness, and cognitive social maturity, which has three dimensions: conscientiousness, peer influence on behavior, and rule following. Using structural equation modeling, we found support for our model, suggesting that coping is related to cognitive social maturity. This information can be used to influence the content of coping interventions for adolescents of different maturational levels.