conducting inter-item correlations to statistically select items. Five domains of interest for sport psychology intervention were established (i.e., mental skills, mechanisms of success, support, sport-related distress, and performance satisfaction) and it was hypothesized that 5–6 items from each domain
Ashley A. Hansen, Joanne E. Perry, John W. Lace, Zachary C. Merz, Taylor L. Montgomery and Michael J. Ross
Brian J. Foster and Graig M. Chow
estimates. Convergent and discriminant validity were determined by examining correlations between the Sport MHC-SF and similar measures of well-being and mental health (MHC-SF, SF-36, and QoL), as well as comparing subscale correlation results of the Sport MHC-SF to the MHC-SF (i.e., Sport PWB to Global PWB
Sheryl Miller and Mary Fry
correlation coefficients will be calculated to examine the relationship between the climate scales to the BE subscales and SPA. Finally, three canonical correlations will be conducted to examine the relationship between the climate scales (i.e., caring, task, ego) to the BE scales (i.e., weight and appearance
to assess performance consistency to test H2, and the third involved the use of cross-correlations to estimate within-team synchrony and leader–follower dynamics to test H3. Shared zones of optimal functioning A stepwise procedure was used to establish the SZOF. In Step 1, averaged scores for all
. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was .93. Data Analysis Data were analyzed using SPSS 24.0 for Windows. Frequencies and percentages were used to describe the study sample. Spearman’s rank-order correlations were used to explore the relationship between sexual and gender-based harassment and psychological ill
Philp Sullivan, Jessica Murphy and Mishka Blacker
, experience in current position, total experience, and MHL score was examined using Pearson’s correlation coefficients. MHL was significantly correlated to age ( r = −.37, p < .001) and total experience ( r = −.39, p < .001); there was an extremely high correlation between age and experience ( r = 0
Theresa C. Brown and Mary D. Fry
This study examined the relationship between college students’ perceptions of the motivational climate (i.e., caring, task- and ego-involving) in physical activity courses to their physical self-concept, hope, and happiness. Midwestern university undergraduates (N = 412), enrolled in group physical activity classes, completed the following measures: class climate, physical self-concept, hope, and happiness. Canonical correlation analysis revealed that students who perceived a caring, task-involving climate were more likely to report high physical self-concept, hope, and happiness. A gender comparison found that while perceptions of the ego-involving climate were significantly higher for males, the ego climate did not significantly contribute to the males’ canonical correlation. In addition, while physical self-concept was positively associated with climate for both genders, males were more likely to experience higher physical self-concept than females. Results suggest positive and supportive exercise environments may not only help individuals reap the physical benefits of exercise but also the psychological benefits.
Jessica J. DeGaetano, Andrew T. Wolanin, Donald R. Marks and Shiloh M. Eastin
The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of psychosocial factors and psychological flexibility on rehabilitation protocol adherence in a sample of injured collegiate athletes. Self-report measures were given to injured athletes before the start of a physical rehabilitation protocol. Upon completion of rehabilitation, each athlete was assessed by the chief athletic trainer using a measure of rehabilitation adherence. Correlational analyses and bootstrapped logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine whether broad psychosocial factors and level of psychological flexibility predicted engagement and adherence to a rehabilitation protocol. Psychological flexibility, as measured on the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (2nd ed.; Bond et al., 2011), contributed significantly to the overall logistic regression model. Study findings suggested that assessment of psychological flexibility could give medical providers a way to evaluate both quickly and quantitatively potentially problematic behavioral responding among injured athletes, allowing for more effective adherence monitoring.
Henrik Gustafsson, Therése Skoog, Paul Davis, Göran Kenttä and Peter Haberl
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between dispositional mindfulness and burnout and whether this relationship is mediated by perceived stress, negative affect, and positive affect in elite junior athletes. Participants were 233 (123 males and 107 females) adolescent athletes, ranging in age from 15–19 years (M = 17.50; SD = 1.08). Bivariate correlations revealed that mindfulness had a significant negative relationship with both perceived stress and burnout. To investigate mediation, we employed nonparametric bootstrapping analyses. These analyses indicated that positive affect fully mediated links between mindfulness and sport devaluation. Further, positive affect and negative affect partially mediated the relationships between mindfulness and physical/emotional exhaustion, as well as between mindfulness and reduced sense of accomplishment. The results point toward mindfulness being negatively related to burnout in athletes and highlight the role of positive affect. Future research should investigate the longitudinal effect of dispositional mindfulness on stress and burnout.
Kiira N. Poux and Mary D. Fry
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between studentathletes’ perceptions of the motivational climate on their sport teams and their own career exploration and engagement and athletic identity. Student-athletes (N = 101) from various National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I institutions were administered online surveys. Canonical correlation analysis was used to examine the relationship between the climate variables (i.e., caring, task, and ego) and athletic identity, career self-efficacy, and career exploration/engagement. One significant function emerged: Perceptions of a high task-involving climate and moderate caring climate were positively associated with athletes’ reporting higher athletic identity, career self-efficacy, and career exploration/engagement. Results suggest that Division I athletes may benefit from having coaches who foster a caring and task-involving team climate with regard to the athletes’ development as holistic individuals who spend their college years performing at a high level of sport and also preparing for their lives after college and sports.