conducting inter-item correlations to statistically select items. Five domains of interest for sport psychology intervention were established (i.e., mental skills, mechanisms of success, support, sport-related distress, and performance satisfaction) and it was hypothesized that 5–6 items from each domain
Ashley A. Hansen, Joanne E. Perry, John W. Lace, Zachary C. Merz, Taylor L. Montgomery and Michael J. Ross
Brian J. Foster and Graig M. Chow
estimates. Convergent and discriminant validity were determined by examining correlations between the Sport MHC-SF and similar measures of well-being and mental health (MHC-SF, SF-36, and QoL), as well as comparing subscale correlation results of the Sport MHC-SF to the MHC-SF (i.e., Sport PWB to Global PWB
Sheryl Miller and Mary Fry
correlation coefficients will be calculated to examine the relationship between the climate scales to the BE subscales and SPA. Finally, three canonical correlations will be conducted to examine the relationship between the climate scales (i.e., caring, task, ego) to the BE scales (i.e., weight and appearance
to assess performance consistency to test H2, and the third involved the use of cross-correlations to estimate within-team synchrony and leader–follower dynamics to test H3. Shared zones of optimal functioning A stepwise procedure was used to establish the SZOF. In Step 1, averaged scores for all
Philp Sullivan, Jessica Murphy and Mishka Blacker
, experience in current position, total experience, and MHL score was examined using Pearson’s correlation coefficients. MHL was significantly correlated to age ( r = −.37, p < .001) and total experience ( r = −.39, p < .001); there was an extremely high correlation between age and experience ( r = 0
. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was .93. Data Analysis Data were analyzed using SPSS 24.0 for Windows. Frequencies and percentages were used to describe the study sample. Spearman’s rank-order correlations were used to explore the relationship between sexual and gender-based harassment and psychological ill
Theresa C. Brown and Mary D. Fry
This study examined the relationship between college students’ perceptions of the motivational climate (i.e., caring, task- and ego-involving) in physical activity courses to their physical self-concept, hope, and happiness. Midwestern university undergraduates (N = 412), enrolled in group physical activity classes, completed the following measures: class climate, physical self-concept, hope, and happiness. Canonical correlation analysis revealed that students who perceived a caring, task-involving climate were more likely to report high physical self-concept, hope, and happiness. A gender comparison found that while perceptions of the ego-involving climate were significantly higher for males, the ego climate did not significantly contribute to the males’ canonical correlation. In addition, while physical self-concept was positively associated with climate for both genders, males were more likely to experience higher physical self-concept than females. Results suggest positive and supportive exercise environments may not only help individuals reap the physical benefits of exercise but also the psychological benefits.
Kiira N. Poux and Mary D. Fry
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between studentathletes’ perceptions of the motivational climate on their sport teams and their own career exploration and engagement and athletic identity. Student-athletes (N = 101) from various National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I institutions were administered online surveys. Canonical correlation analysis was used to examine the relationship between the climate variables (i.e., caring, task, and ego) and athletic identity, career self-efficacy, and career exploration/engagement. One significant function emerged: Perceptions of a high task-involving climate and moderate caring climate were positively associated with athletes’ reporting higher athletic identity, career self-efficacy, and career exploration/engagement. Results suggest that Division I athletes may benefit from having coaches who foster a caring and task-involving team climate with regard to the athletes’ development as holistic individuals who spend their college years performing at a high level of sport and also preparing for their lives after college and sports.
Mark H. Anshel and Toto Sutarso
The purpose of the present study was to conceptualize maladaptive forms of sport perfectionism by determining the factors (and items within each factor) that best describe this construct among skilled male and female athletes. The sample consisted of 217 undergraduate student athletes ranging in age from 19 to 33 years. A theory-driven four-factor, 18-item Likert-type scale, called the Sport Perfectionism Inventory (SPI), was generated for this study. The factors, each reflecting maladaptive perfectionism to an excessive degree, included the following: concern over mistakes (CM), self-criticism (SC), personal standards (PS), and negative feedback (NF). Results showed that the items were generalizable for both genders, and all correlations between factors in the scale were significant. It was concluded that these dimensions depicted maladaptive sport perfectionism as a function of gender.
Tobias Lundgren, Lennart Högman, Markus Näslund and Thomas Parling
Elite level ice hockey places high demands on player’s physical and technical attributes as well as on cognitive and executive functions. There is, however, a notable lack of research on these attributes and functions. The present study investigated executive function with selected tests from the D-KEFS test battery among 48 ice hockey players and compared them to a standardized sample. Results show that ice hockey players’ scores were significantly higher on Design Fluency (DF) compared with the standardized sample score. Elite players’ scores were not significantly higher than those of lower-league hockey players. A significant correlation was found between on-ice performance and Trail Making Test (TMT) scores. Exploratory analysis showed that elite-level center forwards scored significantly higher on DF than did players in other positions. Future research should investigate whether assessment of executive function should be taken into account, in addition to physical and technical skills, when scouting for the next ice hockey star.