athletes or high rates of depression among college athletes). The first study ( Silva, 1984 ) that, in hindsight, should have been a harbinger of a limited job market indicated that almost two-thirds of high school and college coaches would not pay for SPPs. It appears no one seemed to consider the obvious
Guillaume Lamotte, Elizabeth Skender, Miriam R. Rafferty, Fabian J. David, Steve Sadowsky and Daniel M. Corcos
This paper reviews the therapeutically beneficial effects of progressive resistance exercise training (PRET) on motor and nonmotor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD).
First, we perform a systematic review of the literature on the effects of PRET on motor signs of PD, functional outcomes, quality of life, and patient perceived improvement, strength, and cognition in PD. Second, we perform a meta-analysis on the motor section of the UPDRS. Finally, we discuss the results of our review and we identify current knowledge gaps regarding PRET in PD.
This systematic review synthesizes evidence that PRET can improve strength and motor signs of Parkinsonism in PD and may also be beneficial for physical function in individuals with PD. Further research is needed to explore the effects of PRET on nonmotor symptoms such as depression, cognitive impairment, autonomic nervous system dysfunction, and quality of life in individuals with PD.
Danielle D. Wadsworth, Reita Clanton, Ford Dyke, Sheri J. Brock and Mary E. Rudisill
Mental health is a major concern for higher education and students are starting their college experience with psychological issues or developing mental health problems after enrollment. Because physical activity and exercise have known mental health benefits, the field of kinesiology can facilitate the delivery of physical activity and exercise programs aimed at reducing stress, anxiety, and depression, as well as promote healthy coping mechanisms. The School of Kinesiology at Auburn University has implemented a framework to address mental health on campus and within our community. Our framework consists of coursework, outreach efforts, and establishing key partnerships to facilitate the delivery and sustainability of our programs. Our programs enable individuals to establish self-regulation skills, use a mindfulness-based approach, or participate in yoga, thereby establishing effective and healthy coping mechanisms. This paper discusses the evolution of our framework, as well as barriers and facilitators of implementation and sustainability.
Stewart A. Vella
-being. A systematic review of the psychosocial outcomes of youth sport participation demonstrates that participants report fewer mental health problems, lower depression scores, and fewer anxiety symptoms ( Eime, Young, Harvey, Charity, & Payne, 2013 ). Sport participation during adolescence is also
Kenneth E. Powell and Steven N. Blair
of depression Adults, all ages, cardiometabolic conditions and cancer Lower incidence of bladder, endometrium, esophagus, kidney, stomach, and lung cancers Lower risk of all-cause mortality Lower cardiovascular-disease incidence and mortality (including heart disease and stroke) Lower incidence of
Robert W. Motl and Rachel Bollaert
neurological disability ( Confavreux & Vukusic, 2006 ), walking and cognitive dysfunction ( Benedict & Zivadinov, 2011 ; Motl & Learmonth, 2014 ), fatigue and depression ( Samkoff & Goodman, 2011 ), and compromised quality of life (QoL) and independence ( Benito-Leon, Morales, Rivera-Navarro, & Mitchell, 2003
Karen S. Meaney and Sonya L. Armstrong
an array of psychological (e.g., anxiety, depression, and nervousness) and physiological (e.g., disrupted eating patterns, loss of sleep, gastrointestinal disorders) stress-related health problems ( Farmer, 2011 ; Fogg, 2008 ; Kivimaki et al., 2003 ; Lewis, 2004 ; Niedhammer, David, Degioanni
Terry L. Rizzo, Penny McCullagh and Donna Pastore
faculty, who constitute 70% of faculty, may also suffer from stress, anxiety, and depression ( Reevey & Deason, 2014 ). In addition, some universities are discussing eliminating tenure ( Bernstein & Kezar, 2016 ). While we will focus our discussions on tenure-track faculty, the principles should apply in
Karin A. Pfeiffer and Michael J. Wierenga
-documented and include positive effects on the musculoskeletal and cardiovascular systems, adiposity, blood pressure, self-concept, and depression, among others ( Stensel, Gorely, & Biddle, 2008 ; Strong et al., 2005 ). However, over 50% of children, over 90% of adolescents, and more than 95% of young adults do
Kevin M. Guskiewicz and Samuel R. Walton
.B. , Strain , J. , Didehbani , N. , Bartz , E. , … Cullum , C.M. ( 2013 ). Neuroimaging of cognitive dysfunction and depression in aging retired National Football League players: A cross-sectional study . JAMA Neurology, 70 ( 3 ), 326 . PubMed ID: 23303193 doi:10.1001/2013.jamaneurol.340 10