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Marlene A. Dixon, Stacy M. Warner and Jennifer E. Bruening

This qualitative study uses expectancy-value and life course theories (Giele & Elder, 1998) to examine both the proximal and distal impact of early family socialization on enduring female participation in sport. Seventeen National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I female head coaches from the U.S. participated in interviews regarding parental influence on their sport involvement. Participants revealed three general mechanisms of sport socialization: a) role modeling, b) providing experience, and c) interpreting experience. Parental influence impacted their enduring involvement in sport by normalizing the sport experience, particularly in terms of gender, and by allowing them a voice in their own participation decisions. Insights regarding the roles of both parents and the interactive and contextual nature of socialization for increasing female participation are discussed.

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Kelsey L. Boulé and Courtney W. Mason

Bulkley-Nechako Region of BC, also reiterated this point: I think it just comes down to a cultural understanding of why it is important…. I don’t think people realize how much it affects … especially our Elders… because they keep stock all year because of the meat that is given to them … if you weren

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Jack Thomas Sugden, Daryl Adair, Nico Schulenkorf and Stephen Frawley

Indigenous communities. It is therefore worth contemplating contrasting contexts. For example, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities in Australia are suffering extreme impoverishment and subjugation ( Elder, 2003 ); by contrast, the iTaukei dominate the Fijian military and lead the country

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Hans C. Rasmussen

breechclout, paint, feathers, and a horse’s or wildcat’s tail tied behind them. The field varied in length from a quarter mile to a couple of miles depending on how many players participated, with no clear boundaries beyond the two upright posts at each end that served as goals. Commencing when an elder or

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Kristi A. Allain

) within colonial contexts, he notes that “all gender practices have traditions” (p. 217). Further, the very notion of tradition engenders engagement with discourse on aging, as the keepers of tradition are generally elders. In the case of the curling club, the tradition-keepers are those in late(r) life

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Brian Wilson and Nicolien VanLuijk

aware of or interested in the protests: “…native elders planned to bless the flame during its stop in the native community on Day Two of the relay…local relay coordinator Teyem Thomas said that so far she hasn’t heard a peep of opposition to the Olympics” ( Mickleburgh, 2009b ). Another article headline

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Moss E. Norman, Michael Hart and LeAnne Petherick

) through lived experience and embodiment. Intellectual knowledge is not enough on its own. (p. 16) This knowledge continues to exist in Indigenous communities in the stories of Elders, in the languages, and the physical cultural practices, and it does so because previous generations “acted within the

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Orlagh Farmer, Donna Duffy, Kevin Cahill, Diarmuid Lester, Sarahjane Belton and Wesley O’Brien

-based policies for youth sport programmes . International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, 8 ( 1 ), 51 – 65 . doi:10.1080/19406940.2014.919338 10.1080/19406940.2014.919338 Crespo , N.C. , Corder , K. , Marshall , S. , Norman , G.J. , Patrick , K. , Sallis , J.F. , & Elder , J.P. ( 2013

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Mary G. McDonald

Feeling Sport and the Canadian National Anthem At the 2014 Oilers–Ranger’s game in which Asani performed, three Cree elders who are also resident school survivors and former hockey players—Fred Sasakamoose, Ted Hodgson, and Chief Wilton Littlechild, a TRC Commissioner and former member of Parliament

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Allyson C. Hartzell and Marlene A. Dixon

those within the self and his or her family. In addition, it considers the fact that individuals make choices regarding their careers that are based upon the data they have from these multiple levels. Life Course Perspective The life course perspective ( Elder, 1994 ) provides another excellent