The study aimed to investigate the impact of an 8-wk structured physical activity program on selected psychosocial behaviors of children with intellectual disabilities (ID) and to estimate whether generalization occurred. Thirty children (22 boys, 8 girls) with mild ID took part in the study. The ANCOVA results showed a significant difference between the training group and the control group in emotional self-control mean scores, F(1, 25) = 7.61, p = .011, with the posttest mean score of the training group being better than that of the control group. The correlation analysis showed a medium, positive correlation between the gain scores of emotional self-control in the training context and classroom context of the training group (r = .41, n = 16, p = .12). Hence, generalization appeared to have occurred.
Peggy Hiu Nam Choi and Siu Yin Cheung
, impulsivity, emotional self-control, emotional dysregulation, substance use willingness, and lifetime substance use. Outcome measures were also assessed at 6- and 12-month follow-up periods. Results showed that, after controlling for preintervention scores, participants in the control group reported a greater
Rob J. Rotunda and Stuart Ryan
an “integration that establishes a basis for developing dispositions of sensitivity toward oneself and others that are useful in life beyond the practices of training and self-defense” (p. 256). Traditional MA practice and philosophical context stress emotional self-control, self-awareness, self