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Peter Peeling, Martyn J. Binnie, Paul S.R. Goods, Marc Sim and Louise M. Burke

these underpinning factors are accounted for, and the athlete reaches a training maturity and competition level where marginal gains determine success, a role may exist for the use of evidence-based performance supplements. Although an array of supplements are marketed for the enhancement of sports

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Neil D. Clarke, Darren L. Richardson, James Thie and Richard Taylor

, adenosine antagonism, enhanced motor unit recruitment, and reduced perception of pain and exertion have been proposed to explain the effects of caffeine supplementation on sport performance. 2 However, since caffeine interacts with many tissues, it is difficult to independently investigate its effects on

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Pedro L. Valenzuela, Guillermo Sánchez-Martínez, Elaia Torrontegi, Zigor Montalvo, Alejandro Lucia and Pedro de la Villa

in an attainment of a higher performance level. 1 Several strategies have been proposed to enhance exercise recovery within or between high-intensity sessions. 1 – 3 Although active recovery (ie, low-intensity exercise) has been demonstrated to be more effective than passive recovery (ie, total rest

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Mark Elisabeth Theodorus Willems, Mehmet Akif Şahin and Matthew David Cook

. EGCG is considered the bioactive compound to promote fat oxidation ( Kapoor et al., 2017 ). Chronic intake of green tea extract enhanced fat oxidation during swimming ( Murase et al., 2005 ) and running in mice ( Murase et al., 2006 ). In addition, EGCG has been shown to reduce body weight in diet

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Lowri C. Edwards, Anna S. Bryant, Kevin Morgan, Stephen-Mark Cooper, Anwen M. Jones and Richard J. Keegan

 = physical education. Professional Development Program A professional development program to enhance Welsh-medium primary school teachers’ knowledge and operationalization of physical literacy (PDPL) was designed and implemented in the academic year 2014–2015. Throughout the PDPL, the principle investigator

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Chien-Chih Chou, Kuan-Chou Chen, Mei-Yao Huang, Hsin-Yu Tu and Chung-Ju Huang

, or passing. During the movement games, PE teachers educated the intervention group’s overweight children in a variety of cognition engaging movement skills with comprehension and intensity relevant to the program requirements. With the movement games, the goal in this intervention was to help enhance

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Patsy Tremayne and Debra A. Ballinger

Ballroom dance has resurfaced worldwide as a highly popular competitive sport and might be added to Olympic medal competition for the 2012 London Games. This resurgence presents opportunities for sport psychologists to provide psychological-skills and performance-enhancement training for ballroom dancers at all competitive levels. Few sport psychologists have the personal experience, expertise, or an adequate knowledge base about the competitive-ballroom-dance environment to provide meaningful intervention strategies for participants. This article was developed to provide initial guidance for sport psychology professionals interested in working in this environment. An overview of the competitive-dance and ballroom-dance environment, strategies used by dance couples for enhanced mental preparation before and during dance competitions, and excerpts from an interview with an Australian championship-level couple provide readers insight into performance-enhancement strategies for DanceSport.

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Pedro L. Valenzuela, Carlos Amo, Guillermo Sánchez-Martínez, Elaia Torrontegi, Javier Vázquez-Carrión, Zigor Montalvo, Alejandro Lucia and Pedro de la Villa

, supraspinal fatigue) with subsequent decrease in spinal motorneuron excitability also play a pivotal role. 1 , 2 In this context, increasing motor cortex excitability by means of noninvasive brain stimulation has been suggested to enhance physical and mental performance. 3 Together with transcranial magnetic

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Peter Suedfeld, Drew E. Collier and Bruce D.G. Hartnett

Previous studies using flotation Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique (REST) to enhance motor performance have focused on relatively gross arm and leg movements and have combined the technique with a variety of imaginal practice and relaxation training procedures. This study independently varied REST and an imaginal training and relaxation script to improve accuracy among novice, intermediate, and expert darts players. REST by itself and REST combined with the script were equally effective in enhancing performance (M change about +12%). The imagery script alone and a no-treatment control condition resulted in no change on test-retest measures. The results indicate that in the area of perceptual-motor coordination, REST is not merely a potentiator of other techniques, but a useful and efficient unimodal intervention, which takes a short time and does not require further rehearsal or repetition.

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Matthew Ellis, Mark Noon, Tony Myers and Neil Clarke

Soccer has an intermittent activity profile and yields energy from aerobic and anaerobic pathways. 1 Caffeine is a popular ergogenic and can enhance intermittent, 2 endurance, 3 and resistance 4 performance. Caffeine nonselectively blocks both adenosine receptors and competitively inhibits the