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John Gleaves

Human performance enhancement is one of kinesiology’s many vibrant topics for inquiry. Though philosophers in kinesiology departments have offered some contribution to this topic, this paper argues that philosophers could improve their relevance by better engaging the existing scientific research. Rather than simply defending their place at the table, this paper proposes that philosophers build upon existing contributions to the ethics of human enhancement by increasing their scientific literacy. At the same time, this paper argues that certain patterns in philosophical discussions of human enhancement do not connect with scientific researchers. The paper concludes that ultimately philosophers must become more conversant with the language of science if they are going to continue contributing to central questions within the field of kinesiology.

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Neil Chapman, John Whitting, Suzanne Broadbent, Zachary Crowley-McHattan and Rudi Meir

contractions). One such phenomenon is the so-called “residual force enhancement” (RFE) whereby an initial isometric contraction precedes an eccentric contraction, quickly followed by a final isometric contraction (poststretch isometric contraction, PS-ISO). Edman et al 8 introduced the term RFE to describe

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Peter Peeling, Martyn J. Binnie, Paul S.R. Goods, Marc Sim and Louise M. Burke

these underpinning factors are accounted for, and the athlete reaches a training maturity and competition level where marginal gains determine success, a role may exist for the use of evidence-based performance supplements. Although an array of supplements are marketed for the enhancement of sports

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Dimitrios Aivazidis, Fotini Venetsanou, Nikolaos Aggeloussis, Vassilios Gourgoulis and Antonis Kambas

A considerable amount of research has established the vital role of children’s participation in physical activity (PA) for the enhancement of various aspects of health. 1 , 2 Among them, sustaining a healthy body weight seems to be of paramount importance, because childhood obesity has reached

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Neil D. Clarke, Darren L. Richardson, James Thie and Richard Taylor

, adenosine antagonism, enhanced motor unit recruitment, and reduced perception of pain and exertion have been proposed to explain the effects of caffeine supplementation on sport performance. 2 However, since caffeine interacts with many tissues, it is difficult to independently investigate its effects on

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Pedro L. Valenzuela, Guillermo Sánchez-Martínez, Elaia Torrontegi, Zigor Montalvo, Alejandro Lucia and Pedro de la Villa

in an attainment of a higher performance level. 1 Several strategies have been proposed to enhance exercise recovery within or between high-intensity sessions. 1 – 3 Although active recovery (ie, low-intensity exercise) has been demonstrated to be more effective than passive recovery (ie, total rest

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Mark Elisabeth Theodorus Willems, Mehmet Akif Şahin and Matthew David Cook

. EGCG is considered the bioactive compound to promote fat oxidation ( Kapoor et al., 2017 ). Chronic intake of green tea extract enhanced fat oxidation during swimming ( Murase et al., 2005 ) and running in mice ( Murase et al., 2006 ). In addition, EGCG has been shown to reduce body weight in diet

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Mark Holten Mora-Jensen, Pascal Madeleine and Ernst Albin Hansen

bout rate enhancement was reported in healthy individuals ( Hansen, Ebbesen, Dalsgaard, Mora-Jensen, & Rasmussen, 2015 ). Briefly, the phenomenon constitutes a cumulating increase in freely chosen tapping frequency following submaximal muscle activation and movement consisting of externally unloaded

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Chris G. Harwood and Sam N. Thrower

In her seminal position paper over 30 years ago, Vealey ( 1988 ) defined psychological-skills training (PST) as the techniques and strategies designed to teach or enhance mental skills that facilitate performance and a positive approach to sport competition. While there has been a long

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Pedro L. Valenzuela, Carlos Amo, Guillermo Sánchez-Martínez, Elaia Torrontegi, Javier Vázquez-Carrión, Zigor Montalvo, Alejandro Lucia and Pedro de la Villa

, supraspinal fatigue) with subsequent decrease in spinal motorneuron excitability also play a pivotal role. 1 , 2 In this context, increasing motor cortex excitability by means of noninvasive brain stimulation has been suggested to enhance physical and mental performance. 3 Together with transcranial magnetic