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Kerry R. McGannon, Lara Pomerleau-Fontaine and Jenny McMahon

In the past 20 years, there has been an increase participation in extreme sport and research on extreme-sport participants’ experiences ( Houge Mackenzie & Brymer, 2018 ). While the definition of what constitutes extreme sport is a contested one, the term generally refers to sports that carry a

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Lenny D. Wiersma

Extreme sport athletes perform in environments that are characterized by danger, unpredictability, and fear, and the consequences of a mistake include severe injury or death. Maverick’s is a big-wave surfing location in northern California that is known for its cold water temperatures, dangerous ocean wildlife, deep reef, and other navigational hazards. The purpose of this study was to use a phenomenological framework to understand the psychology of big-wave surfing at Maverick’s. Seven elite big-wave surfers completed in-depth phenomenological interviews and discussed the psychology related to various stages of big-wave surfing, including presurf, in the lineup, catching the wave, riding the wave, wiping out, and postsurf. Big-wave surfers described a variety of experiences associated with surfing at Maverick’s and discussed several ways that they coped with its challenges. The results provide a greater understanding of the psychology of participating in an extreme environment.

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expedition stress positively predicted post-traumatic growth beyond measures of the Big-5, supporting the idea that there is something unique to the stress experience that promotes positive reformulation irrespective of personality. This work highlights the potentially adaptive role of stress in extreme

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Tanya McGuane, Stephen Shannon, Lee-Ann Sharp, Martin Dempster and Gavin Breslin

, I just said fuck this. I went . . . and I had Mammy’s Sunday dinner. I felt wild, bold, brazen, and crazy . . . it was like an extreme sport to me! . . . I remember asking Mammy how many calories were in each pea and all this nonsense. . . . I finished it, I thought I was going to cry, I was

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Dylan Brennan, Aleksandra A. Zecevic, Shannon L. Sibbald and Volker Nolte

athletes feel good, which resulted in self-perceived good health. Brymer’s ( 2011 ) study explored the lived experience of 15 extreme sport participants (30–72 years of age), where the potential outcome of a mistake was an accident or even death. Those participants maintained a strong sense of control