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Justine J. Reel, Sonya SooHoo, Holly Doetsch, Jennifer E. Carter and Trent A. Petrie

The purpose of the study was to determine prevalence rates of the female athlete triad (Triad), differences by sport category (aesthetic, endurance, and team/anaerobic), and the relationship between each of the components of the Triad. Female athletes (N= 451) from three Division I universities with an average age of 20 years completed the Menstrual History Questionnaire, Injury Assessment Questionnaire, and the Questionnaire for Eating Disorder Diagnoses (Q-EDD; Mintz, O’Halloran, Mulholland, & Schneider, 1997). Almost 7% of female athletes reported clinical eating disorders, and 19.2% reported subclinical disordered eating. Disordered eating was prevalent in all three sport categories with no significant differences between groups. Muscle injuries were more prevalent in team/anaerobic sports (77.4%) than the aesthetic (68.1%) and endurance groups (58.1%). Furthermore, those athletes with menstrual dysfunction more frequently reported clinical eating disorders (1.4%) and sustained more skeletal injuries (51%) during their athletic career than athletes with regular menstrual function. Clinical implications and further research directions are addressed.

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Jeffrey Kawaguchi

Edited by Katie Walsh

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Laura S. Hurley and Alfred Roncarati

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Karen S. Hostetter and Jan L. Drummond

Edited by Joe J. Piccininni

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W. Craig Stevens, Rebecca A. Brey, Jeffrey E. Harris and Sandra Fowkes-Godek

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Jenny H. Conviser, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Riley Nickols

-question screening tool developed by the Female Athlete Triad Coalition (see Figure  4 ) to identify risk of disordered eating, menstrual dysfunction, and low bone mineral density (see Figure  5 ) ( De Souza et al., 2014 ). Figure 4 —Recommended Questions for the Female Athlete Triad Coalition, 2014

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Pooja Somasundaram and Alexandra M. Burgess

disordered eating symptomology ( Coelho, Soares, & Ribeiro, 2010 ). Female Athlete Triad, which includes disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis, can lead to significant long term health consequences such as hypertension, low bone mineral density, electrocardiographic abnormalities, and sometimes

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Jenny H. Conviser, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Riley Nickols

. , Joey , E. , Misra , M. , Williams , N. , Mallinson , R.J. , … Matheson , G. ( 2014 ). Female athlete triad coalition consensus statement on treatment and return to play of female athlete triad: 1st International Conference held in San Francisco, California, May 2012 and 2nd International