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Jenny H. Conviser, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Riley Nickols

Pediatrics, 2005 ; Rosendahl, Bormann, Aschenbrenner, Aschenbrenner, & Strauss, 2009 ). Coach, Strength and Conditioning Coach, Athletic Trainer, & Physical Therapist It is recommended that coaches, athletic trainers, physical therapists and certified fitness professionals, who are ED-informed or ED

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Roberta Bgeginski, Diogo A. DeSousa, Bruna M. Barroso, Janete Vettorazzi, Michelle F. Mottola, Felipe B. Schuch and José Geraldo L. Ramos


The Physical Activity Readiness Medical Examination (PARmed-X) for Pregnancy aims to facilitate the communication between the health care provider, the fitness professional and the pregnant woman. The purpose of the current study was to test the psychometric properties of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the PARmed-X for Pregnancy.


Reliability and validity of psychometric properties of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the PARmed-X for Pregnancy were tested in 107 women recruited from the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre. Participants completed the first page of the instrument twice with a minimal interval of 1 week for test-retest reliability analysis. The absolute and relative contraindications to exercise on page 2 of the document were completed by the obstetrician.


Results indicated good evidence of construct validity. The isolated items in the PARmed-X document presented a large heterogeneity in kappa coefficients ranging from very low estimates to perfect estimates. The overall indication of prescription of physical activity, nonetheless, presented a good kappa coefficient of 0.749.


The Brazilian Portuguese version of the PARmed-X for Pregnancy can be applied as a valid tool for medical screening by health care providers to help inform safe exercise prescription during pregnancy.

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Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin and Kathleen Wilson

Edited by Kim Gammage

:// Motivation: Contagious in Exercise Contexts Numerous factors can impact how fitness professionals interact with their participants. For example, exercisers’ body weight can impact fitness professionals’ beliefs and behaviors. A second factor is perceptions of exercisers’ motivation for exercise. If the

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Mary O. Whipple, Erica N. Schorr, Kristine M.C. Talley, Ruth Lindquist, Ulf G. Bronas and Diane Treat-Jacobson

research is needed. Implications for Health Care Providers and Fitness Professionals Although the specific implications of these findings have not been established, for changes in practice cannot be firmly established from this single review, this review provides insight into factors and important

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Rebecca Reynolds, Santhya and David Menzies

activity health services, and increased consumer awareness of current programs available to them by social marketing. It was also recommended that there should be an increase in the training of fitness professionals regarding consumers at risk and suffering from NCDs. Additional priorities suggested by

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Gabrielle Ringenberg, Jill M. Maples and Rachel A. Tinius

et al., 2014 ) and/or may lack the willingness to participate in high-intensity exercise ( Mattsson et al., 1997 ); thus, maximal testing is not always going to be feasible. The results of this study are clinically important because if a physician or fitness professional wants to prescribe a high

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Cody L. Sipe, Kevin D. Ramey, Phil P. Plisky and James D. Taylor

assessors was randomly determined using a permuted block randomization design (R1:R1, R2:R2, R1:R2, and R2:R1). This insured that after every four subjects tested, the number of assessments between testers was equal. Rater #1 was a PhD trained exercise physiologist and fitness professional with over 20

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Chung-Chao Liang, Qi-Xing Change, Yu-Chou Hung, Chizan-Chung Chen, Chun-Hsiang Lin, Yu-Chun Wei and Jia-Ching Chen

fitness professionals, promoting community-based strength training programs for older adults became feasible and practicable ( Layne et al., 2008 ). Furthermore, trained peer volunteers may enhance the long-term maintenance of physical activity gains from a community-based intervention ( Buman et

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Sheryl Miller and Mary Fry

 al., 2013 ; Strelan & Hargreaves, 2005 ), which may contribute to the already decreased body satisfaction many college goers’ experience. Therefore, fitness professionals would benefit from better understanding how to foster college students’ engagement in regular physical activity for health