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Arnaud Dechamps, Chérifa Onifade, Arnaud Decamps and Isabelle Bourdel-Marchasson

No previous studies have explored the effects of mind–body approaches on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in the frail elderly. Cognition and action are an inseparable whole during functioning. Thus, a new intervention-based approach using familiarity-based movements and a nonjudgmental approach of “cognition-action” was proposed and was tested with Tai Chi on HRQoL in frail institutionalized elderly. Fifty-two participants (58% women) age 65–94 took part in a 24-wk Tai Chi (TC) intervention 4 days/wk or a cognition-action (CA) exercise program of 30 min twice a week. Changes in Mini Mental State score, physical (PCS) and mental component (MCS) summaries (SF12); Falls Efficacy Scale (FES); and exercise self-efficacy were explored. PCS improved from 33.6 ± 6.7 to 51 ± 4.8 in the TC group and from 30.6 ± 9.9 to 45.1 ± 10.2 in the CA group (p < .001). MCS of SF-12 (p < .001), FES (p < .001), and exercise self-efficacy (p < .01) were enhanced significantly in both groups. Adapted CA programs and Tai Chi were both efficient in improving HRQoL of frail elderly.

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Giovanni Mario Pes, Maria Pina Dore, Alessandra Errigo and Michel Poulain

all participants examined. Interestingly, all subjects lived in independent apartments, except for one living in a nursing home. The physical functionality score measured by the activities of daily living (ADL) was quite high in both genders. Relatively poor scores were reported during the assessment

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Shani Batcir and Itshak Melzer

functional scores of LLFDI (overall function, upper-extremity function, and basic and advanced lower-extremity functions). A significance level of 0.05 was used. Results There were no significant differences in age, gender, height, weight, number of falls, and medications per day, as well as upper

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Rachael C. Stone, Zina Rakhamilova, William H. Gage and Joseph Baker

reported year of curling experience (B = 0.21, p  = .003 while adjusting for age, number of falls, number of chronic conditions, sex, physical activity levels, education, and occupational status; Table  6 ). Beyond older adults’ physical confidence measures, physical functionality scores reflected through

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Konstantina Katsoulis, Liza Stathokostas and Catherine E. Amara

-limited” based on authors’ reports. No specific mention of mobility status was considered nonlimited, whereas mobility-limited status included author statements of screening for older adults with mild-moderate limitations in function by self-report or a baseline functional score (usually the SPPB with a score ≤9