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Arnaud Dechamps, Chérifa Onifade, Arnaud Decamps and Isabelle Bourdel-Marchasson

No previous studies have explored the effects of mind–body approaches on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in the frail elderly. Cognition and action are an inseparable whole during functioning. Thus, a new intervention-based approach using familiarity-based movements and a nonjudgmental approach of “cognition-action” was proposed and was tested with Tai Chi on HRQoL in frail institutionalized elderly. Fifty-two participants (58% women) age 65–94 took part in a 24-wk Tai Chi (TC) intervention 4 days/wk or a cognition-action (CA) exercise program of 30 min twice a week. Changes in Mini Mental State score, physical (PCS) and mental component (MCS) summaries (SF12); Falls Efficacy Scale (FES); and exercise self-efficacy were explored. PCS improved from 33.6 ± 6.7 to 51 ± 4.8 in the TC group and from 30.6 ± 9.9 to 45.1 ± 10.2 in the CA group (p < .001). MCS of SF-12 (p < .001), FES (p < .001), and exercise self-efficacy (p < .01) were enhanced significantly in both groups. Adapted CA programs and Tai Chi were both efficient in improving HRQoL of frail elderly.

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Danilo de Oliveira Silva, Ronaldo Briani, Marcella Pazzinatto, Deisi Ferrari, Fernando Aragão and Fábio de Azevedo

Individuals with patellofemoral pain (PFP) use different motor strategies during unipodal support in stair climbing activities, which may be assessed by vertical ground reaction force parameters. Thus, the aims of this study were to investigate possible differences in first peak, valley, second peak, and loading rate between recreational female athletes with PFP and pain-free athletes during stair climbing in order to determine the association and prediction capability between these parameters, pain level, and functional status in females with PFP. Thirty-one recreational female athletes with PFP and 31 pain-free recreational female athletes were evaluated with three-dimensional kinetics while performing stair climbing to obtain vertical ground reaction force parameters. A visual analog scale was used to evaluate the usual knee pain. The anterior knee pain scale was used to evaluate knee functional score. First peak and loading rate were associated with pain (r = .46, P = .008; r = .56, P = .001, respectively) and functional limitation (r = .31, P = .049; r = −.36, P = .032, respectively). Forced entry regression revealed the first peak was a significant predictor of pain (36.5%) and functional limitation (28.7%). Our findings suggest that rehabilitation strategies aimed at correcting altered vertical ground reaction force may improve usual knee pain level and self-reported knee function in females with PFP.

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Giovanni Mario Pes, Maria Pina Dore, Alessandra Errigo and Michel Poulain

all participants examined. Interestingly, all subjects lived in independent apartments, except for one living in a nursing home. The physical functionality score measured by the activities of daily living (ADL) was quite high in both genders. Relatively poor scores were reported during the assessment

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Shani Batcir and Itshak Melzer

functional scores of LLFDI (overall function, upper-extremity function, and basic and advanced lower-extremity functions). A significance level of 0.05 was used. Results There were no significant differences in age, gender, height, weight, number of falls, and medications per day, as well as upper

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Brian D. Street and William Gage

.1097/00003086-199811000-00015 10.1097/00003086-199811000-00015 3. König A , Walther M , Kirschner S , Gohlke F . Balance sheets of knee and functional scores 5 years after total knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis: a source for patient information . J Arthroplasty . 2000 ; 15 : 289 – 294 . doi:10.1016/S0883

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Rachael C. Stone, Zina Rakhamilova, William H. Gage and Joseph Baker

reported year of curling experience (B = 0.21, p  = .003 while adjusting for age, number of falls, number of chronic conditions, sex, physical activity levels, education, and occupational status; Table  6 ). Beyond older adults’ physical confidence measures, physical functionality scores reflected through

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Konstantina Katsoulis, Liza Stathokostas and Catherine E. Amara

-limited” based on authors’ reports. No specific mention of mobility status was considered nonlimited, whereas mobility-limited status included author statements of screening for older adults with mild-moderate limitations in function by self-report or a baseline functional score (usually the SPPB with a score ≤9

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Irineu Loturco, Michael R. McGuigan, Valter P. Reis, Sileno Santos, Javier Yanci, Lucas A. Pereira and Ciro Winckler

, observing that this ability does not vary significantly throughout the season. Gil et al. ( 2015 ) reported that some power parameters are positively related to the disability level, with higher WB classes (i.e., athletes with high functional scores) achieving superior performances in medicine ball