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Deborah F. Verfaillie, Jeanne F. Nichols, Ellen Turkel and Melbourne F. Hovell

The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of resistance training alone or in combination with balance and gait training on balance and gait measures in seniors. Subjects, ranging in age from 65 to 83 years, were randomly assigned to a strength and balance/gait group (SB, n = 21 ) or a control group (S, n = 18) receiving strength and relaxation training. Both groups significantly increased their strength and gait speed over the 12-week training period, but step length remained unchanged. The results suggest that elders can make significant gains in muscular strength and walking speed through resistance training, and that adding balance and gait training to resistance training can significantly improve some balance and gait measures beyond improvements achieved from strength training alone. If replicated, these results set the stage for investigations of injury control benefits possible from balance training.

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* 7 1997 5 3 175 189 10.1123/japa.5.3.175 Research Older Adults’ Constraints to Participation in Structured Exercise Classes Diane E. Whaley * Vicki Ebbeck * 7 1997 5 3 190 212 10.1123/japa.5.3.190 Effects of Resistance, Balance, and Gait Training on Reduction of Risk Factors Leading to Falls in

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Chanel T. LoJacono, Ryan P. MacPherson, Nikita A. Kuznetsov, Louisa D. Raisbeck, Scott E. Ross and Christopher K. Rhea

learning perspective, it has been suggested that virtual reality systems may enhance skill acquisition and retention by providing task specificity, repetition, and external real-time feedback ( Wulf, 2007 ). Virtual reality gait training on a treadmill offers the advantage of providing a visually

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Dylan C. Perry, Christopher C. Moore, Colleen J. Sands, Elroy J. Aguiar, Zachary R. Gould, Catrine Tudor-Locke and Scott W. Ducharme

training for Parkinson’s disease patients . Mov Disord . 1996 ; 11 ( 1 ): 193 – 200 . doi:10.1002/mds.870110213 8684391 10.1002/mds.870110213 7. de Bruin N , Doan JB , Turnbull G , et al . Walking with music is a safe and viable tool for gait training in Parkinson’s disease: the effect of a 13

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Yoshifumi Kijima, Ryoji Kiyama, Masaki Sekine, Toshiyo Tamura, Toshiro Fujimoto, Tetsuo Maeda and Tadasu Ohshige

for gait training in stroke rehabilitation. Methods Subjects Eighty-six stroke patients (age: 65.6 ± 13.3 years) and 21 healthy older control subjects (age: 63.3 ± 4.3 years) participated in this study (Table  1 ). Stroke patients were recruited from inpatient and outpatient departments under the

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Mustafa M.O. Elhadi, Christina Z. Ma, Duo W.C. Wong, Anson H.P. Wan and Winson C.C. Lee

late swing phase can facilitate long-distance walking. Physical training that targets increasing the endurance and strength of hip flexors and gait training, and reminding older adults to flex the hip joint more during late swing phase, could be possible approaches. In addition, fatigue of dominant

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Katie A. Conway and Jason R. Franz

– 193 . PubMed ID: 16516495 doi:10.1016/j.jelekin.2006.01.001 10.1016/j.jelekin.2006.01.001 Na , K.P. , Kim , Y.L. , & Lee , S.M. ( 2015 ). Effects of gait training with horizontal impeding force on gait and balance of stroke patients . Journal of Physical Therapy Science, 27 ( 3 ), 733 – 736

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Angela Papadimitriou and Mark Perry

falling, South Carolina, 2006–2009 . Preventing Chronic Disease, 9, E103 . PubMed ID: 22632740 Vendrely , A. , Messmer , E. , & Moseley , J. ( 2012 ). Integration of cognitive-behavioral therapy with gait training for a 58-year-old male with a fear of falling: A case report . Physiotherapy

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Amanda L. Penko, Jacob E. Barkley, Anson B. Rosenfeldt and Jay L. Alberts

-minute sessions and for 8 weeks. The single-modal group evenly divided the 45-minute session between gait training and cognitive training during each session. Each task (ie, gait and cognitive) was preformed separately focusing on 1 task at a time. The dual-task group consisted of 45 minutes of gait