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Cristiane Petra Miculis, Wagner De Campos and Margaret Cristina da Silva Boguszewski

Background:

The aim of this study was to correlate glycemic control (GC) and variables of physical activity levels (PAL) in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).

Methods:

Fifty children and adolescents with T1DM were selected. Personal and medical data for the patients were collected. Physical evaluations of body weight and sexual maturation were undertaken. Bouchard’s questionnaire was applied to evaluate PAL as well as for time spent on physical activities.

Results:

Sixty-four percent of the subjects were sexually mature. Differences were observed between females and males in insulin dose, duration of light physical activity, and sleeping time (P < .05). Ninety percent presented poor GC and 80% had a low PAL. Fasting blood glucose (FBG) was significantly correlated with PAL, with sedentary time, and with sleeping time. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) was significantly correlated with sedentary time and sleeping time. Among the three groups of PAL (insufficient × moderate × active) there were differences in HbA1c (%), FBG (mg/dL), duration of disease (years), and insulin dose (UI/kg/day) (P < 0.001).

Conclusion:

GC was significantly correlated with PAL. Among the three groups of physical activity level, the most active group was seen to have the best GC.

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Saowaluck Suntraluck, Hirofumi Tanaka and Daroonwan Suksom

land (i.e., walking and cycling), is an important nonpharmacological strategy for improving endothelial function ( Zoppini et al., 2006 ), arterial stiffness ( Yokoyama et al., 2004 ), and glycemic control ( Asa, Maria, Katharina, & Bert, 2012 ) in patients with diabetes. Aquatic exercise can be an

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Samuel G. Wittekind, Nicholas M. Edwards, Philip R. Khoury, Connie E. McCoy, Lawrence M. Dolan, Thomas R. Kimball and Elaine M. Urbina

total cpm + 0.052 × mean arterial pressure + 0.069 × age − 0.9 (if lean control) − 0.64 (if obese control) − 0.36 (if white); R 2  = .47] but lost statistical significance when adjusted for metabolic variables such as lipid levels and glycemic control [regression equation: PWV = −0.15 + 0.04 × mean

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Amber Watts, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal and Paul Gardiner

). Independent of physical activity, prolonged sitting time is a risk factor for poor glycemic control, unhealthy body composition, elevated lipid levels ( Hamilton, Healy, Dunstan, Zderic, & Owen, 2008 ; Mikus et al., 2012 ; Owen, Healy, Matthews, & Dunstan, 2010 ), and Type 2 diabetes, all of which are risk

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Namkee G. Choi, Diana M. DiNitto, John E. Sullivan and Bryan Y. Choi

combined exercise trainings are highly effective for improving glycemic control, reducing risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease (the main cause of mortality among those with diabetes) and the development and progression of chronic kidney disease, and for ameliorating depression in patients

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Guy El Hajj Boutros, José A. Morais and Antony D. Karelis

% improvement in gait speed. High-intensity resistance training has also been reported to be effective in improving insulin sensitivity and glycemic control. For example, 16 weeks of progressive heavy resistance and explosive strength training (two times per week; three to five sets; five to six repetitions

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Marjan Mosalman Haghighi, Yorgi Mavros and Maria A. Fiatarone Singh

compared with healthy peers. 3 Structured exercise or behavioral interventions (either PA alone or PA + dietary behavioral change programs) are effective methods to improve glycemic control in type 2 diabetes. 4 Although some studies have demonstrated short-term improvements in PA as well, 5 , 6 these

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Timothy J. Walker, Jessica M. Tullar, Pamela M. Diamond, Harold W. Kohl III and Benjamin C. Amick III

composition, reduce blood pressure, and improve glycemic control. 20 – 22 There is little evidence that stretching behavior alone provides health benefits. However, stretching is a key component of physical fitness and exercises, such as yoga, which can positively impact mental health. 23 – 25 Participating

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Joowon Lee, Baojiang Chen, Harold W. Kohl III, Carolyn E. Barlow, Chong Do Lee, Nina B. Radford, Laura F. DeFina and Kelley P. Gabriel

. Resistance training has been associated with a number of beneficial effects on risk factors implicated in the development of carotid atherosclerosis, including glycemic control in the setting of Type 2 diabetes ( Castaneda et al., 2002 ), blood pressure ( Cornelissen, Fagard, Coeckelberghs, & Vanhees, 2011

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Kimberlee A. Gretebeck, Caroline S. Blaum, Tisha Moore, Roger Brown, Andrzej Galecki, Debra Strasburg, Shu Chen and Neil B. Alexander

Mexican Americans . J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci . 2005 ; 60 : 1152 – 1156 . PubMed ID: 16183955 doi:10.1093/gerona/60.9.1152 10.1093/gerona/60.9.1152 6. de Rekeneire N , Rooks RN , Simonsick EM , et al . Racial differences in glycemic control in a well-functioning older diabetic population