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Geert J.P. Savelsbergh, John van der Kamp and Walter E. Davis

Twenty-one children with Down syndrome (DS) and 20 without disability, ages 3 to 11 years, completed the experiment in which they were asked to grasp and lift cardboard cubes of different sizes (2.2 to 16.2 cm in width). Three conditions were used: (a) increasing the size from the smallest to the largest cube, (b) decreasing the size from the largest to the smallest, and (c) a random order of sizes. Children with DS were found to have smaller hand sizes in comparison to age-matched children without DS. In addition, the shift from one-handed to two-handed grasping appeared at a smaller cube size for children with DS than for children without DS. However, when the dimensionless ratio between object size and hand size was considered, the differences between groups disappeared, indicating that the differences in grasping patterns between children with and without DS can be attributed to differences in body size.

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Hilde Van Waelvelde, Willy De Weerdt, Paul De Cock, Bouwien C.M. Smits-Engelsman and Wim Peersman

The aim of this study was to compare the quality of ball catching performance of children with DCD to the performance of younger typically developing children. The outcome measures used were a modified ball catching item of the Test of Gross Motor Development and the number of grasping errors in a ball catching test. In the study, children with DCD were matched with younger typically developing children according to gender and the number of caught balls in the ball catching test. Children with DCD made significantly more grasping errors and scored significantly lower on the modified TGMD-item. Children with DCD were not only delayed in ball catching but they also seemed to use different movement strategies compared to younger typically developing children.

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Dean Barker, Gunn Nyberg and Hakan Larsson

understanding (e.g.,  Clouder, 2005 ; Kiley & Wisker, 2009 ; Wright & Gilmore, 2012 ). In economics for instance, grasping “supply and demand” enables students to understand how economies work more generally ( Meyer & Land, 2003 ). Although the term has quite strong cognitive connotations, change is generally

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Amanda Zaleski, Beth Taylor, Braden Armstrong, Michael Puglisi, Priscilla Clarkson, Stuart Chipkin, Charles Michael White, Paul D. Thompson and Linda S. Pescatello

. Treadmill incline increased 1% every minute until the conclusion of the test. Borg scale rating of perceived exertion and exercising BP was recorded every 3 min and was measured at heart level with the subject’s arm relaxed and not grasping the handrails, while HR was measured continuously ( Pescatello et

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Barry S. Mason, Viola C. Altmann and Victoria L. Goosey-Tolfrey

in WR has never investigated before, this observation is in line with what has been recommended in wheelchair racing with finger function not deemed essential since athletes typically contact the wheel with the hands as opposed to grasping the wheel or push rim during propulsion. 23 As anticipated

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Jonathon Weakley, Kevin Till, John Sampson, Harry Banyard, Cedric Leduc, Kyle Wilson, Greg Roe and Ben Jones

completed a dynamic warm-up that had previously been completed prior to maximal 3RM attempts. 14 , 20 Maximal back squat strength was completed with a barbell (Eleiko Sport AB, Halmstad, Sweden) resting on the upper trapezius, with participants grasping the bar with a pronated grip. Subjects were then

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Lorraine Cale and Jo Harris

holistic concept, physical literacy knowledge and understanding should equally be seen holistically. As already noted, knowledge and understanding within the cognitive domain and as an attribute have different components, with two constituents to the latter. The first is concerned with grasping the

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Elizabeth J. Durden-Myers, Nigel R. Green and Margaret E. Whitehead

• swimming Flight • two feet • bouncing on two feet • jumping off • jumping on • hopping • leaping • skipping • hopscotch • jumping onto • jumping along • jumping over Manipulation • holding • feeling • grasping • gripping • releasing • picking up • placing • passing from hand to hand • waving • circling

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Cara Shearer, Hannah R. Goss, Lowri C. Edwards, Richard J. Keegan, Zoe R. Knowles, Lynne M. Boddy, Elizabeth J. Durden-Myers and Lawrence Foweather

or appreciate the true nature of physical literacy without first grasping its philosophical concepts. Yet for many, the detailed and complex philosophical groundings of physical literacy present a barrier to clarity and understanding ( Jurbala, 2015 ). For researchers seeking to explain the concept

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Ryan W. Guenter, John G.H. Dunn and Nicholas L. Holt

.1080/10413200.2016.1194909 Drake , P. ( 2010 ). Grasping at methodological understanding: A cautionary tale from insider research . International Journal of Research and Method in Education, 33, 85 – 99 . doi:10.1080/17437271003597592 10.1080/17437271003597592 García-Izquierdo , A.L. , Vilela , L.D. , & Moscoso , S