This paper attempts to explain the relationship between socialism and sport in Britain using a historical and comparative analysis of developments in Europe to identify the particular sociopolitical conditions and processes pertaining in the British case. It argues that a distinctively socialist sports culture failed to develop in Britain due to the interaction between two sets of forces: the powerful economic, political, and cultural constraints that are characteristic of Britain’s development, and the character of British socialism’s response to those constraints. It pinpoints the ways in which features specific to British socialism disabled socialists from adequately grasping the significance of sport in popular culture, from responding effectively to the way class, sex and gender, and national identities are formed in sporting activity, and from influencing processes of conflict and accommodation taking place around sport between dominant and subordinate groups.
Anastasiya Khomutova and Alex Channon
This paper explores the representation of female athletes within the Legends Football League (LFL; formerly ‘Lingerie Football League’) in 2013. Specifically, the study seeks to understand the vision of women’s sport, and female athletes, which the LFL propagates. Drawing on a combined content and semiotic analysis of the commentary and visuals featured in 26 LFL matches broadcast online in 2013, our data suggests that the LFL presents apparently conflicting images of sexualized, but ‘powerful’ female athletes. We discuss these data relative to competing interpretive approaches to female sexuality in sports media, and join other sports media scholars in advocating audience reception research as a necessary next step to grasping this emergent sport’s significance. Cet article examine la représentation d’athlètes féminines au sein de la Legends Football League (« Ligue de football des légendes » ou LFL, anciennement la « Lingerie Football League » ou « Ligue de football en lingerie ») en 2013. L’étude cherche spécifiquement à comprendre la vision du sport féminin et des athlètes féminines que la LFL propage. En se basant sur une analyse de contenu et sémiotique des commentaires et images trouvés dans les retransmissions en ligne de 26 matchs de la LFL en 2013, les données suggèrent que la LFL présente des images apparemment contradictoires d’athlètes sexualisées mais « puissantes ». Nous discutons ces données par rapport à d’autres approches interprétatives pour étudier la sexualité féminine dans les médias sportifs. Nous nous joignons aussi à d’autres chercheurs sur les médias sportifs en prônant la recherche sur la réception de l’audience comme prochaine étape afin de mieux saisir la signification de ce sport émergent.
considers how the growth of promotional sleep culture in professional sport contexts advances individualized, market-based solutions that obscure emerging scientific research that points to structural forces and historical issues, including the complex role of racism and racial discrimination, in grasping
Karl M. Newell
in action particularly on the coordination, control, and skill in the fundamental motor skills of standing, walking, running, reaching, grasping, and lifting. Not all speakers provided a paper for this issue of Kinesiology Review . The majority of talks and papers were from Fellows of the National
Daniela Corbetta, Rebecca F. Wiener, Sabrina L. Thurman and Emalie McMahon
, infants could begin integrating the object physical properties into their goal-directed actions and pre-shape their hand movement in anticipation of grasping it. The bulk of the work reviewed above forged the common held assumption that infant reaching developed in two phases corresponding to two distinct
Leah E. Robinson
grandparent’s hand, will practice reaching and grasping (e.g., functional skills) when picking up seashells, and both adult and child will engage in motor skills as they run and leap, over the waves crashing onto the shore. As you can see, both the toddler and grandparent are exploring and learning from their
David I. Anderson
, Goffinet, & Barbu-Roth, in press ). These are beautiful illustrations of the multimodal nature of perception and action and are quite extraordinary because they show just how early in development responsiveness to multimodal stimulation emerges. The Complexity of Reaching, Grasping, and Manipulating
Hebe Schaillée, Ramón Spaaij, Ruth Jeanes and Marc Theeboom
efforts were underpinned by recognition that grasping the context-specific and tacit knowledge that is built and shared among practitioners was critical to achieving the research objectives. To elicit this practical wisdom, years before the main research project began in earnest; the research team
Jason Daniels, Thilo Kunkel and Adam Karg
attributes and benefits provided by the brand ( Funk & James, 2006 ; Gladden & Funk, 2002 ). Studies have shown that fans are also able to concurrently develop multiple brand associations, which in turn affect consumer loyalty over time ( Kunkel et al., 2016 ). Accordingly, through grasping the attractive