participation and compliance, the Health Belief Model (HBM) and Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) are the most commonly used within health-related research and have been investigated together to predict participation in other preventative health behaviors. 10 , 13 The purposes of this paper are to examine the
Emily M. Hartley, Matthew C. Hoch and Robert J. Cramer
Phoenix K. H. Mo, Eddie S. K. Chong, Winnie W. S. Mak, Samuel Y. S. Wong and Joseph T. F. Lau
Physical activity is associated with various health benefits for people with mental illness (PMI). Very few studies to date have examined the factors associated with physical activity among PMI in the Chinese context. The present study examined the factors related to physical activity using the health belief model and the association between physical activity and perceived health among 443 PMI in Hong Kong using stratified sampling. Results from the structural equation modeling showed that among all the factors of the health belief model, self-efficacy was significantly related to higher levels of physical activity, and perceived barriers were significantly related to lower levels of physical activity. In addition, physical activity was significantly related to better perceived health and fewer health needs. Interventions to promote physical activity among PMI should aim to increase their self-efficacy in initiating and adhering to physical activity and to remove barriers to physical activity.
Bert Hayslip Jr., Daniel Weigand, Robert Weinberg, Peggy Richardson and Allen Jackson
The present investigation reports on the reliability and validity of several scales derived from the Health Belief Model (HBM). Both their internal consistency and their ability to predict self-reported sport and physical activity participation among younger and older adults are examined. As an exploratory endeavor, new, internally consistent scales were developed to assess several HBM factors. Results of age-group comparisons as well as comparisons across levels of diversity in several types of self-reported physical activity suggest that the newly developed measures differentiate between individuals on the basis of age and degrees of diversity in activity.
Fung Kuen Koo
This qualitative study explores how older Hong Kong Chinese Australians perceive aging and to what extent this perception affects their participation in physical activities. The main methods used were in-depth interviews with 22 participants ranging in age from 60 to 91 years. Interviews were translated from Chinese (Cantonese) and transcribed into English. Content analysis was used to find recurring themes from the interview data. The main findings indicate that the perception of aging is to some extent influenced by culture. Some participants defined aging as being measured in years, and others defined it by the state of one’s physical health, appearance, and capacity to continue fulfilling one’s social roles. These perceptions strongly influenced their preferences for and participation in physical activities. Acknowledging the fact that Chinese-speaking people are not culturally homogeneous, this article makes some recommendations to health service providers with regard to the development of appropriate physical activity programs.
Christina L. Smith and Martha Storandt
Histories of competitive sports involvement, health beliefs, reasons for exercising, and personality were compared across three groups of older adults who varied according to involvement in physical activity. Based on questionnaire responses, 246 participants were classified as competitors, noncompetitors. or nonexercisers. Competitors exhibited a lifelong history of sports participation. Although nonexercisers and noncompetitors participated in sports during their childhood and teenage years, their involvement in competition decreased noticeably in their 20s and remained low throughout adulthood. Competitors rated exercise significantly more important than did nonexercisers and non-competitors and had more varied reasons for exercising. Nonexercisers considered reducing stress and improving mood to be less important reasons for exercising than competitors and noncompetitors. All three groups were found to possess high levels of positive and low levels of negative personality traits.
Scholarly Reviews The Development of New Scales for Assessing Health Belief Model Constructs in Adulthood Bert Hayslip Jr. * Daniel Weigand * Robert Weinberg * Peggy Richardson * Allen Jackson * 10 1996 4 4 307 323 10.1123/japa.4.4.307 Research Physical Activity, Physical Disability
Ponnusamy * Gangyan Si * Andreas Stenling * 4 2016 38 2 187 202 jsep.2015-0320 10.1123/jsep.2015-0320 Research Notes Physical Activity in People With Mental Illness in Hong Kong: Application of the Health Belief Model Phoenix K. H. Mo * Eddie S. K. Chong * Winnie W. S. Mak * Samuel Y. S. Wong
Emma Hoffman * LAT, ATC Abrianna D’Onofrio * LAT, ATC Shelby Baez * MS, LAT, ATC Julie Cavallario * PhD, LAT, ATC 1 01 2018 23 1 10 15 10.1123/ijatt.2017-0044 ijatt.2017-0044 CLINICAL COMMENTARY Health Belief Model and Theory of Planned Behavior: A Theoretical Approach for Enhancing Lower
in patients with patellofemoral pain. a. True b. False 7. According to Hartley et al., in the Health Belief Model, what construct is defined as an individual’s beliefs about the advantages of participating in an exercise-related injury prevention program (ERIPP)? a. perceived barriers b. perceived
Hannah Dorling, Jieg Blervacq and Yori Gidron
External social pressures could include residing with sedentary people or having friends who do not encourage PA, for example. The role of barriers in performing healthy behaviors can be mapped onto 2 leading health behavior models. The health belief model includes as one of its predictors of health