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Phoenix K. H. Mo, Eddie S. K. Chong, Winnie W. S. Mak, Samuel Y. S. Wong and Joseph T. F. Lau

Physical activity is associated with various health benefits for people with mental illness (PMI). Very few studies to date have examined the factors associated with physical activity among PMI in the Chinese context. The present study examined the factors related to physical activity using the health belief model and the association between physical activity and perceived health among 443 PMI in Hong Kong using stratified sampling. Results from the structural equation modeling showed that among all the factors of the health belief model, self-efficacy was significantly related to higher levels of physical activity, and perceived barriers were significantly related to lower levels of physical activity. In addition, physical activity was significantly related to better perceived health and fewer health needs. Interventions to promote physical activity among PMI should aim to increase their self-efficacy in initiating and adhering to physical activity and to remove barriers to physical activity.

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Bert Hayslip Jr., Daniel Weigand, Robert Weinberg, Peggy Richardson and Allen Jackson

The present investigation reports on the reliability and validity of several scales derived from the Health Belief Model (HBM). Both their internal consistency and their ability to predict self-reported sport and physical activity participation among younger and older adults are examined. As an exploratory endeavor, new, internally consistent scales were developed to assess several HBM factors. Results of age-group comparisons as well as comparisons across levels of diversity in several types of self-reported physical activity suggest that the newly developed measures differentiate between individuals on the basis of age and degrees of diversity in activity.

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Fung Kuen Koo

This qualitative study explores how older Hong Kong Chinese Australians perceive aging and to what extent this perception affects their participation in physical activities. The main methods used were in-depth interviews with 22 participants ranging in age from 60 to 91 years. Interviews were translated from Chinese (Cantonese) and transcribed into English. Content analysis was used to find recurring themes from the interview data. The main findings indicate that the perception of aging is to some extent influenced by culture. Some participants defined aging as being measured in years, and others defined it by the state of one’s physical health, appearance, and capacity to continue fulfilling one’s social roles. These perceptions strongly influenced their preferences for and participation in physical activities. Acknowledging the fact that Chinese-speaking people are not culturally homogeneous, this article makes some recommendations to health service providers with regard to the development of appropriate physical activity programs.

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Christina L. Smith and Martha Storandt

Histories of competitive sports involvement, health beliefs, reasons for exercising, and personality were compared across three groups of older adults who varied according to involvement in physical activity. Based on questionnaire responses, 246 participants were classified as competitors, noncompetitors. or nonexercisers. Competitors exhibited a lifelong history of sports participation. Although nonexercisers and noncompetitors participated in sports during their childhood and teenage years, their involvement in competition decreased noticeably in their 20s and remained low throughout adulthood. Competitors rated exercise significantly more important than did nonexercisers and non-competitors and had more varied reasons for exercising. Nonexercisers considered reducing stress and improving mood to be less important reasons for exercising than competitors and noncompetitors. All three groups were found to possess high levels of positive and low levels of negative personality traits.

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Hannah Dorling, Jieg Blervacq and Yori Gidron

External social pressures could include residing with sedentary people or having friends who do not encourage PA, for example. The role of barriers in performing healthy behaviors can be mapped onto 2 leading health behavior models. The health belief model includes as one of its predictors of health

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Colin B. Shore, Gill Hubbard, Trish Gorely, Robert Polson, Angus Hunter and Stuart D. Galloway

13 , 18 showed that the transtheoretical model of behavior change was the most frequently utilized underlying theory of intervention design, whereas social cognitive theory, theory of planned behavior, and health belief model were used less. One low-quality review 19 that did not directly report on

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Leehu Zysberg and Rotem Hemmel

motivational models and classic psychological models such as the health belief model and others. 5 , 6 Most of these veteran models suggest that personality traits, perceived ability, perceived external factors, and emotional–motivational factors play a consistent role in individual health-promoting behavior

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Kin-Kit Li, Lorna Ng, Sheung-Tak Cheng and Helene H. Fung

, last 7 days) . Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 10 ( 1 ), 45 – 51 . PubMed doi:10.1016/j.jsams.2006.05.003 10.1016/j.jsams.2006.05.003 McCall , L.A. , & Martin Ginis , K.A. ( 2004 ). The effects of message framing on exercise adherence and health beliefs among patients in a cardiac

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Laura A. Dwyer, Minal Patel, Linda C. Nebeling and April Y. Oh

relationships among constructs in the health belief model and the transtheoretical model among African-American college women for physical activity . Am J Health Promot . 2004 ; 18 ( 5 ): 354 – 357 . PubMed doi:10.4278/0890-1171-18.5.354 10.4278/0890-1171-18.5.354 15163135 43. Teixeira PJ , Carraca EV

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Iris Buder, Cathleen Zick, Norman Waitzman, Sara Simonsen, Grant Sunada and Kathleen Digre

The “IMPART” model incorporates numerous health behavior change theories including the health belief model, 30 the theory of planned behavior, 31 attribution theory, 32 expectancy-valence, 33 self-efficacy, 34 the trans-theoretical model, 30 and the diffusion of innovation model. 35 This unique