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Guy El Hajj Boutros, José A. Morais and Antony D. Karelis

people to adopt healthy and active lifestyles and prevent many of the deleterious effects of aging. Healthy Aging and Physical Activity Physical activity appears to be an important lifestyle habit in order to achieve healthy aging by promoting independence and increasing the quality of life of older

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Katie E. Cherry, Jennifer Silva Brown, Sangkyu Kim and S. Michal Jazwinski

Social behaviors are associated with health outcomes in later life. The authors examined relationships among social and physical activities and health in a lifespan sample of adults (N = 771) drawn from the Louisiana Healthy Aging Study (LHAS). Four age groups were compared: younger (21–44 years), middle-aged (45–64 years), older (65–84 years), and oldest-old adults (85–101 years). Linear regression analyses indicated that physical activity, hours spent outside of the house, and social support were significantly associated with selfreported health, after controlling for sociodemographic factors. Number of clubs was significantly associated with objective health status, after controlling for sociodemographic factors. These data indicate that social and physical activities remain important determinants of self-perceived health into very late adulthood. Implications of these data for current views on successful aging are discussed.

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Kirsten Ward, Anne Pousette and Chelsea A. Pelletier

cognitive capabilities, reduced incidences of cognitive conditions, and lower rates of depression ( Johnson et al., 2016 ; Musich, Wang, Hawkins, & Greame, 2017 ). Healthy aging is a concept that promotes supporting health and quality of life for older adults by encouraging mobility and maintaining social

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Lawrence Frank, Jacqueline Kerr, Dori Rosenberg and Abby King

Background:

Suburban development patterns may impede physical activity (PA) and mobility and affect healthy aging. This paper investigates the relationships between neighborhood design and walking, driving, PA, and obesity in adults over age 65 years.

Methods:

Data from the SMARTRAQ (Atlanta region) survey provided measures of PA, BMI, SES, and travel patterns. Neighborhood design was measured using a walkability index (residential density, street connectivity, retail density, and land use mix). Chi square and regression was used to evaluate relationships.

Results:

Increased walkability was related with more walking (OR 2.02), less time spent traveling in a car (OR .53), and lower odds of being overweight (OR .68). Those with 1 or no cars were more likely to walk (OR 2.9) and spend less time in cars (OR .53); but also less likely to get recommended levels of PA (OR .55). Visiting a fast food outlet was associated with increased odds of obesity (OR 1.81).

Conclusions:

Policies are needed to bring older Americans closer to shops and services and healthy food outlets as a means of encouraging regular walking and healthy body weight. Incentives to encourage neighborhood grocery stores and affordable housing in central areas along with regulatory reform through zoning can encourage PA and healthy body weight in the elderly.

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Thomas A. Stoffregen

It is widely assumed that healthy aging includes a decline in the stability of standing body sway. Certainly, the spatial magnitude of postural sway increases with age. However, the interpretation of this effect as a decline in the ability to stabilize posture rests, in part, on assumptions about the nature and definition of stability in stance. In this article, I review data on the control of standing posture in healthy older adults. I focus on a growing list of studies that demonstrate the retention, among healthy older adults, of the ability functionally to modulate postural sway in support of “suprapostural” activities. I address laboratory research, but also field studies carried out in a setting that dramatically challenges the control of stance: life on ships at sea. I argue that it may be possible, and certainly will be useful, to address directly the functional control of stance in older adults.

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Megan Colletto and Nancy Rodriguez

 al., 2006 ), reducing pain, and increasing mobility ( Cheung, Park, & Wyman, 2016 ; Tekur, Singphow, Nagendra, & Raghuram, 2008 ), all positive outcomes relevant to healthy aging. Although yoga has been credited with improving strength, endurance, and flexibility ( Cheung, Park, et al., 2016 ; Patel

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Shirley M. Bluethmann, Wayne Foo, Renate M. Winkels, Scherezade K. Mama and Kathryn H. Schmitz

.1093/annonc/mdt037 10.1093/annonc/mdt037 Peel , N.M. , McClure , R.J. , & Bartlett , H.P. ( 2005 ). Behavioral determinants of healthy aging . American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 28 ( 3 ), 298 – 304 . PubMed ID: 15766620 doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2004.12.002 10.1016/j.amepre.2004.12.002 Peterson

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Chih-Hsiang Yang and David E. Conroy

promotion of healthy aging has become a priority to society ( McLaughlin, Connell, Heeringa, Li, & Roberts, 2010 ). Although the rates of psychological symptoms tend to decline with age, older adults experience several aging-related stressors such as decreased physical and mental abilities, physical pain

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Allyson Brothers and Manfred Diehl

suggests that an intervention program such as Aging Plus can be advantageous at any age. This finding supports the idea of developmental plasticity and provides evidence that it is never too late to support individuals to take a more active role in promoting their own healthy aging. This initial

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M. Monda, A. Goldberg, P. Smitham, M. Thornton and I. McCarthy

To study mobility in older populations it can be advantageous to use portable gait analysis systems, such as inertial measurement units (IMUs), which can be used in the community. To define a normal range, 136 active subjects were recruited with an age range of 18 to 97. Four IMUs were attached to the subjects, one on each thigh and shank. Subjects were asked to walk 10 m at their own self-selected speed. The ranges of motion of thigh, shank, and knee in both swing and stance phase were calculated, in addition to stride duration. Thigh, shank, and knee range of movement in swing and stance were significantly different only in the > 80 age group. Regressions of angle against age showed a cubic relationship. Stride duration showed a weak linear relationship with age, increasing by approximately 0.1% per year.