In this paper I view the history of kinesiology in America through the lens of a shifting academic landscape where physical culture and building acted upon each other to reflect emergent views concerning the nature of training in physical education and scientific developments around human movement. It is also an organizational history that has been largely lived in the gymnasium and the laboratory from its inception in the late nineteenth century to its current arrangements in the academy. Historians have referred to this in appropriately embodied terms as the head and the heart of physical education, and of course the impact of gender, class, and race was ever present. I conclude that the profession/discipline conundrum in kinesiology that has ebbed and flowed in the shifting spaces and carefully organized places of the academy has not gone away in the twenty-first century and that the complexities of today’s training require more fertile and flexible collaborative approaches in research, teaching, and professional training.
Bernard Liew, Kevin Netto and Susan Morris
stress . BMC Med . 2012 ; 10 : 77 . PubMed doi:10.1186/1741-7015-10-77 10.1186/1741-7015-10-77 2. Hoffman MD , Ong JC , Wang G . Historical analysis of participation in 161 km ultramarathons in North America . Int J History Sport . 2010 ; 27 ( 11 ): 1877
Ricardo J.S. Costa, Beat Knechtle, Mark Tarnopolsky and Martin D. Hoffman
-017-0782-3 Hoffman , M.D. , Ong , J.C. , & Wang , G. ( 2010 ). Historical analysis of participation in 161 km ultramarathons in North America . International Journal of History in Sport, 27 ( 11 ), 1877 – 1891 . doi:10.1080/09523367.2010.494385 10.1080/09523367.2010.494385 Hoffman , M.D. , Pasternak