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Stefano Palermi, Anna M. Sacco, Immacolata Belviso, Nastasia Marino, Francesco Gambardella, Carlo Loiacono and Felice Sirico

hyperglycemia . SMAES, 11, 225 . Retrieved from Mak , M.K. , & Ng , P.L. ( 2003 ). Mediolateral sway in single-leg stance is the best discriminator of balance performance for Tai-Chi practitioners . Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

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Sara Knaeps, Stijn De Baere, Jan Bourgois, Evelien Mertens, Ruben Charlier and Johan Lefevre

Background: The purpose of the current study was to apply a more novel approach to systematically examine (1) associations of clustered cardiometabolic risk and cardiometabolic risk factors and (2) theoretical substitution of sedentary time with either sleep, light physical activity (LPA), or moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and substituting LPA with MVPA. Methods: Physical activity and sleep were objectively measured in 410 Flemish adults [55.5 (9.6) y, 64% men] with a SenseWear Pro 3 Armband. Cardiometabolic risk factors (obesity, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, and hypertension) and cardiorespiratory fitness were objectively measured. Isotemporal substitution analyses were performed to assess the associations between substituting time from a potentially negative behavior into another potentially positive behavior. Results: Theoretical substitution of sedentary time with MVPA was associated with decreased clustered cardiometabolic risk, b = −0.06 (−0.08 to −0.04), and substituting LPA with MVPA was associated with a decrease in clustered cardiometabolic risk, b = −0.08 (−0.11 to −0.04). Substituting sedentary time with LPA or sleep improved high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, and waist circumference. Conclusion: Theoretical replacement of sedentary time with either sleep, LPA, or MVPA was positively associated with improved cardiometabolic risk factor status. Interventions for increasing cardiometabolic health can focus on replacing sedentary time with either sleep, LPA, or MVPA depending on the risk parameters that need to be targeted.

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Vera K. Tsenkova, Chioun Lee and Jennifer Morozink Boylan

Diabetes is a significant problem in the United States and accounts for substantial morbidity and mortality. Currently, 9.3% have diabetes and 37% have milder forms of hyperglycemia such as prediabetes that typically transition to overt diabetes. 1 The economic costs of diabetes are staggering

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Yuri Alberto Freire, Geovani de Araújo Dantas de Macêdo, Rodrigo Alberto Vieira Browne, Luiz Fernando Farias-Junior, Ágnes Denise de Lima Bezerra, Ana Paula Trussardi Fayh, José Cazuza de Farias Júnior, Kevin F. Boreskie, Todd A. Duhamel and Eduardo Caldas Costa

Health . 2018 ; 15 ( 4 ): 279 – 286 . PubMed ID: 29421968 doi:10.1123/jpah.2017-0251 10.1123/jpah.2017-0251 29421968 36. Levitan EB , Song Y , Ford ES , Liu S . Is nondiabetic hyperglycemia a risk factor for cardiovascular disease? A meta-analysis of prospective studies . Arch Intern Med

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Kin-Kit Li, Lorna Ng, Sheung-Tak Cheng and Helene H. Fung

hyperglycemia, cardiovascular incidents, and injuries and foot complications ( Sigal, Kenny, Wasserman, Castaneda-Sceppa, & White, 2006 ). For individuals who perceive PA as risky, loss-framed messages may be more effective than gain-framed messages. For instance, Bassett-Gunter, Martin Ginis, and Latimer

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Denise Rodrigues Bueno, Maria de Fátima Nunes Marucci, Clara Suemi da Costa Rosa, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte and Maria Lucia Lebão

. doi:10.1590/S1415-790X2005000200005 10.1590/S1415-790X2005000200005 Manders , R.J.F. , Van Dijk , J.W.M. , & Van Loon , L.J.C. ( 2010 ). Low-intensity exercise reduces the prevalence of hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes . Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42 ( 2 ), 219 – 225

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Saowaluck Suntraluck, Hirofumi Tanaka and Daroonwan Suksom

diabetes mellitus is characterized by hyperglycemia due to insulin resistance, which over time leads to a myriad of micro- and macrovascular complications ( Caballero et al., 1999 ), including endothelial dysfunction and arterial stiffening ( Sena, Pereira, & Seica, 2013 ). Land-based exercise training has

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Samuel G. Wittekind, Nicholas M. Edwards, Philip R. Khoury, Connie E. McCoy, Lawrence M. Dolan, Thomas R. Kimball and Elaine M. Urbina

assigned to unmodifiable risk factors (age and gender) and modifiable risk factors (cholesterol, smoking, BP, BMI, and hyperglycemia) and totaled to predict the likelihood of such lesions. 28 This score has been used to predict early atherosclerosis detected by CIMT in adolescents and young adults. 29

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Renato Sobral Monteiro-Junior, Paulo de Tarso Maciel-Pinheiro, Eduardo da Matta Mello Portugal, Luiz Felipe da Silva Figueiredo, Rodrigo Terra, Lara S. F. Carneiro, Vinícius Dias Rodrigues, Osvaldo J. M. Nascimento, Andrea Camaz Deslandes and Jerson Laks

RK , Weaver JA , et al . Human aging is associated with altered TNF-α production during hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia . Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab . 2001 ; 281 : E1137 – 1143 . PubMed 10.1152/ajpendo.2001.281.6.E1137 11701426 51. Busquets N , Carmona L , Surís X . Revisión

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Paddy C. Dempsey, Chuck E. Matthews, S. Ghazaleh Dashti, Aiden R. Doherty, Audrey Bergouignan, Eline H. van Roekel, David W. Dunstan, Nicholas J. Wareham, Thomas E. Yates, Katrien Wijndaele and Brigid M. Lynch

remains scant. Nevertheless, when sedentary behavior is habitual, it is likely that the above factors contribute to the development of clinical risk factors—such as hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, and hypertension—promoting vascular damage and progression toward serious metabolic and cardiovascular