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Cornelia Frank, Gian-Luca Linstromberg, Linda Hennig, Thomas Heinen and Thomas Schack

way of imagery training of tactical skills has evolved (cognitive general imagery; for an overview, see Westlund Stewart, Pope, & Tobin, 2012 ). While to date, research has focused on changes in performance and learning on a behavioral level of interaction, research on the influence of imagery

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Susan G. Ziegler, James Klinzing and Kirk Williamson

The effects of two stress management programs on the cardiorespiratory efficiency of eight male cross-country runners were investigated. Oxygen consumption and heart rate data were monitored on a maximal oxygen consumption tradmill run. A week later each subject completed a 20-min submaximal run (at a constant workload approximating 50% of each subject's maximal oxygen consumption run). Based on these scores, subjects were divided into three groups: control, stress innoculation training, and stress management training. Subjects in both training groups completed a mental training program including EMG relaxation training, cognitive coping strategies, and one type of imagery training. Results of the 20-min post submaximal run indicated significant differences in cardiorespiratory efficiency between both training groups and the control group. No differences emerged between the training groups.

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Kathleen A. Martin and Craig R. Hall

It was hypothesized that subjects who used mental imagery would spend more time practicing a golf putting task and would have higher task specific self-efficacy than control subjects. Thirty-nine absolute beginner golfers were randomly assigned to either an imagery treatment condition (performance plus outcome imagery or performance imagery) or a no imagery (control) condition. During the first three sessions all subjects were taught how to putt a golf ball. Imagery treatment subjects also participated in an imagery training program designed specifically for the golf putting task. For the final three sessions, subjects were told that the emphasis of the study was on performance. Subjects in the performance imagery group spent significantly more time practicing the golf putting task than subjects in the control group. Subjects who used imagery also set higher goals for themselves, had more realistic self-expectations, and adhered more to their training programs outside of the laboratory.

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Geraldine H. Van Gym, Howard A. Wenger and Catherine A. Gaul

This study investigated the effect of engaging in imagery in conjunction with nonspecific training on the transfer of the training to performance. Forty subjects were pretested on a Wingate cycle ergometer test for peak power and a 40-m sprint. Subjects were assigned to one of four groups: imagery training (IT), power training (PT), imagery and power training (DPT), and control (C). Following a 6-week training period, all subjects were retested. Although a MANOVA revealed no significant difference between groups on any variable, the groups-by-time interaction was significant. Therefore an analysis of difference scores on both tests was performed. This analysis revealed that although both the IPT and the PT group significantly improved in peak power, only the IPT group improved significantly on the sprint. The results indicate that imagery coupled with nonspecific training contributes to the enhancement of subsequent performance significantly better than does nonspecific training alone.

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Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Angela Coppola, Thomas Curran, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Mary Jung, Larkin Lamarche, Luc Martin and Kathleen Wilson

daily steps and calories, and offer a way to set goals and provide motivation. One strategy for maintaining motivation within mobile applications is framed in functional imagery training, a process used to generate and practice mental imagery regarding how and why an individual achieves a goal. This

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Nicolas Robin, Lucette Toussaint, Eric Joblet, Emmanuel Roublot and Guillaume R. Coudevylle

any form of imagery training before the experiment. All participants provided written informed consent to take part in the experiment. Seven participants (leaving a final sample of 45 participants) were excluded because they had missed one experimental session. The current study was granted approval

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Cornelia Frank, Taeho Kim and Thomas Schack

observation training and motor imagery training on the development of mental representation structure and skill performance . Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 17 , 499 . PubMed ID: 29089881 doi:10.3389/fnhum.2017.00499 10.3389/fnhum.2017.00499 Koch , I. , Keller , P. , & Prinz , W. ( 2004 ). The

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Nicolas Robin, Lucette Toussaint, Guillaume R. Coudevylle, Shelly Ruart, Olivier Hue and Stephane Sinnapah

.1037/a0016993 10.1037/a0016993 Robin , N. , Dominique , L. , Toussaint , L. , Blandin , Y. , Guillot , A. , & Le Her , M. ( 2007 ). Effects of motor imagery training on returning serve accuracy in tennis: The role of imagery ability . International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

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Aaron England, Timothy Brusseau, Ryan Burns, Dirk Koester, Maria Newton, Matthew Thiese and Benjamin Chase

in novice MRs do not mirror the functionally and biomechanically demanded phases to the extent of experts. Nevertheless, limiting the study of MRs using SDA-M to adult sport performers does not utilize this tool’s potential in motor task assessment and motor imagery training to its greatest potential