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Ali Brian, Sally Taunton, Chelsee Shortt, Adam Pennell and Ryan Sacko

) in attempts to drive and sustain physically active behaviors ( Stodden et al., 2008 ). Most intervention studies in the United States that targeted young children from low socioeconomic environments are situated within Head Start facilities (i.e., federally funded early childhood centers for children

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Chunxiao Li, Ngai Kiu Wong, Raymond K.W. Sum and Chung Wah Yu

cross-sectional design of the study limited the casual inferences of the results. Longitudinal surveys or intervention studies should be used in future to support the current ordering and interpretation. Third, although the current study extended the literature by including mindfulness as a predictor of

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Helen C. Wright and David A. Sugden

The nature of developmental coordination disorder (DCD) in a selected group of Singaporean children (n = 69) aged 6-9 years was investigated by two methods: an intergroup comparison of children with DCD and matched controls (n = 69), and an intragroup study on the same children with DCD in the search for subtypes within this group. The results from the two approaches demonstrate that while the children with DCD are clearly different from the control subjects, the difficulties seen within the DCD group are not common to all the children. Four identifiable subtypes were found within the children with DCD. This more specific information gained about the difficulties children with DCD experience is not easily established from the intergroup analysis, suggesting that the design of future intervention studies should incorporate differences found in subtypes of children with DCD.

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T. Nicole Kirk and Justin A. Haegele

National Institutes of Health’s Quality Assessment Tool for Observational Cohort and Cross-Sectional Studies ( National Institutes of Health, 2014b ) and the National Institutes of Health’s Quality Assessment Tool for Controlled Intervention Studies ( National Institutes of Health, 2014a ). The National

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Alison B. Pritchard Orr, Kathy Keiver, Chris P. Bertram and Sterling Clarren

may impact the various aspects of EF in different ways and at different times in child development ( Hillman & Biggan, 2017 ; Tomporowski et al., 2015 ). Intervention studies with TD children, including overweight children, have shown positive effects of PA programs on aspects of EF such as

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Xihe Zhu and Justin A. Haegele

result from the relatively small sample size of the study. As the clinically meaningful MVPA differences for intervention studies are often around 10% MVPA improvement ( McClain & Tudor-Locke, 2009 ), the 7.1% and 7.8% reactivity and −8.2% inverse reactivity could generate a sizable bias for intervention

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Layne Case and Joonkoo Yun

in combination (connected with “AND”) with the following terms: intervention , “ intervention study ,” or program . Finally, the above terms were combined (connected with “AND”) with the following terms relating to gross motor: “ gross motor ,” “ gross motor skills ,” “ fundamental motor skills

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Jaehun Jung, Willie Leung, Bridgette Marie Schram and Joonkoo Yun

were excluded from the meta-analysis. However, the inclusion of these articles could have contributed to a stronger conclusion. Studies that reported results from physical activity intervention studies were also not included in this study, even if baseline data were included. This was in an effort to

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Lijuan Wang

teachers significantly influenced the inclusion of students with special needs. Future intervention studies are necessary to examine the effect of training programs that PE teachers receive regarding the inclusion level of students with special needs. References Anunah , J.O.A. , & Hodge , S.R. ( 2005