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Felipe García-Pinillos, Carlos Lago-Fuentes, Pedro A. Latorre-Román, Antonio Pantoja-Vallejo and Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo

considerations. Jumping rope (JR) is a consecutive jump exercise with turning the rope, involving mainly foot muscles and joints, due to the quick rebounds. 11 Therefore, JR might be considered a type of PT for improving power and stiffness, some of the key factors for endurance running performance. 4

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Andrew E. Alstot

Token economies have a long research and applied history within clinical settings and classroom education (Kazdin, 1982). However, despite reported successes in improving physical activity behaviors (Alstot, 2012), research examining token reinforcement implemented specifically in physical education is virtually nonexistent. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to examine the effects of a peer-administered token economy on the jump rope behaviors of elementary physical education students. An alternating treatments design was used to assess the effects of the intervention. Participants were alternated between five baseline and five token economy sessions while response differentiation between the two phases was assessed. Results indicated that nine out of ten participants showed an increase in the number of successful jump rope practice trials during token reinforcement sessions as compared with baseline sessions. Based on the results of the study, it was concluded that peer-administered token economies can be useful tools for physical educators.

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Dana M. Lis and Keith Baar

containing equal parts of gelatin and HC. One hour later, the subjects were asked to jump rope to stimulate bone collagen synthesis, and after a further 4 hr, blood was drawn to determine the circulating levels of the N-terminal peptide of procollagen (PINP). PINP in the blood primarily represents bone

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Tiffanye M. Vargas, Robbi Beyer and Margaret M. Flores

athletes to persist at the activity. But by giving athletes options and choices they are more likely to put forth effort because they are more interested in the outcome. An example would be to offer athletes options for their conditioning activity (e.g., lap around the field, shuttle lines, jump roping

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Kelsey McEntyre, Matthew D. Curtner-Smith and Deborah S. Baxter

typical negotiation of this sort: Sarah (student): How do you even do this? [student struggling to jump rope] Alice (PCT): Why don’t you try doing two jumps every time to slow down and keep time? Sarah (student): I don’t know. [Sarah tries and seems discouraged]. How about I skip? I can do it this way

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Meredith George and Matthew D. Curtner-Smith

, “playing tag,” “riding bicycles,” “tetherball,” and “surfing.” Typical of these recollections was the following: All neighborhood kids would get together and go to the park, play basketball, baseball, jump rope, ride bikes, skateboard, roller skate, football, etc. Boys and girls played together. (Elizabeth

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Chien-Chih Chou, Kuan-Chou Chen, Mei-Yao Huang, Hsin-Yu Tu and Chung-Ju Huang

included running games, jump rope games, modified baseball, modified soccer, and modified basketball. Each participant’s average heart rate (HR) in both groups during the sessions was recorded during every lesson in both groups, and points were awarded for maintaining an average of >150 beats per minute

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Julianne A. Wenner, Kimberly M.B. Tucker, Hannah G. Calvert, Tyler G. Johnson and Lindsey Turner

.1080/00336297.2015.1017588 10.1080/00336297.2015.1017588 Appendix: Codebook Code Definition Sample Quotes Holistic Levels for Individual Cases PA Programs/activities that get students moving outside of PE—current or future “We got a walking program. We offer a jump rope program. If there’s anything out there that the district

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Christine Galvan, Karen Meaney and Virginia Gray

jump rope games to increase levels of cardiorespiratory endurance. A variety of activities (based on student feedback) were taught, which facilitated high levels of student engagement. Upon conclusion of the main activity, preservice teachers and participants discussed their performance as a group, and