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Meghan Schreck, Robert Althoff, Meike Bartels, Eco de Geus, Jeremy Sibold, Christine Giummo, David Rubin and James Hudziak

Few studies have explored the relation between withdrawn behavior (WB) and exercise and screen time. The current study used exploratory factor analysis to examine the factor structure of leisure-time exercise behavior (LTEB) and screentime sedentary behavior (STSB) in a clinical sample of youth. Structural equation modeling was employed to investigate the relations between WB and LTEB and STSB, conditional on gender. WB was assessed using the Child Behavior Checklist, and LTEB and STSB were measured using the Vermont Health Behavior Questionnaire. LTEB and STSB emerged as two separate factors. Gender moderated the structure of STSB only. For boys and girls, WB was inversely related to LTEB but not significantly related to STSB. LTEB and STSB are best represented as distinct, uncorrelated constructs. In addition, withdrawn youth may be at risk for poor health outcomes due to lower rates of LTEB. Mental health clinicians, sports psychologists, and related providers may be uniquely qualified to enhance motivation for sports participation in withdrawn youth.

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Amy E. Latimer, Kathleen A. Martin Ginis and B. Catherine Craven

Using the theory of planned behavior as a theoretical framework, the present study examined psychosocial predictors of exercise intentions and behavior among 124 men and women with spinal cord injury. Theory of planned behavior constructs were measured using an exercise–specific questionnaire for individuals with spinal cord injury. Exercise behavior was assessed using an adapted version of the Godin Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire. Regression analyses indicated that the theory of planned behavior had limited utility in this population. Among individuals with tetrapelgia, perceived behavioral control was the only determinant of exercise intentions and behavior. Among people with paraplegia, none of the theory of planned behavior constructs predicted exercise intentions or behavior. These results have methodological and practical implications for future research and exercise interventions, respectively.

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* Andrew T. Wolanin * Donald R. Marks * Shiloh M. Eastin * 9 2016 10 3 192 205 10.1123/jcsp.2014-0023 Withdrawn Behavior, Leisure-Time Exercise Behavior, and Screen-Time Sedentary Behavior in a Clinical Sample of Youth Meghan Schreck * Robert Althoff * Meike Bartels * Eco de Geus * Jeremy

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John J. Fraser and Jay Hertel

.3 (1.9) 0.5 (1.0) .24 Veterans RAND 12-Item Health Survey  Physical composite (T) score 56.4 (3.4) 57.7 (2.2) .27  Mental health composite (T) score 48.2 (0.9) 48.3 (1.1) .92 Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire 75.7 (27.4) 79.7 (27.2) .73 Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia 14.9 (3.2) 15.8 (4.0) .54

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John McCleve, Luke Donovan, Christopher D. Ingersoll, Charles Armstrong and Neal R. Glaviano

Measure Sport (FAAM Sport) subscale; and (d) were recreationally active by scoring a ≥24 on the Godin Leisure Time Exercise questionnaire. Individuals were excluded from the study if they reported a previous ankle fracture, an ankle sprain within the past 6 weeks, symptoms of other chronic lower extremity

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Brian Killinger, Jakob D. Lauver, Luke Donovan and John Goetschius

(0–119) 70.7 (27.5) Abbreviations: ADL, activities of daily living; FAAM, Foot and Ankle Ability Measure; Godin, Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire; IdFAI, Identification of Functional Ankle Instability. Procedures Participants completed 2 testing visits 24 to 48 hours apart with one visit

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Mark A. Sutherlin, L. Colby Mangum, Shawn Russell, Susan Saliba, Jay Hertel and Joe M. Hart

related to pain related beliefs. Scores for the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia consist of the total score from the items reported. 20 Physical activity was recorded using the Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Scale to determine the total amount of activity 21 and a modified Tegner Activity Scale, 22 with a

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Grant E. Norte, Jay N. Hertel, Susan A. Saliba, David R. Diduch and Joseph M. Hart

McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index 15 were used to quantify regional knee function. The Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia 16 and Veteran’s RAND 12-Item Health Survey 17 were used to quantify psychological function. The Tegner activity scale 18 and Godin leisure-time exercise questionnaire 19 were

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Alexandra F. DeJong, L. Colby Mangum, Jacob E. Resch and Susan A. Saliba

activity level scale, Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire, and the activities of daily living scale to determine self-reported function and activity level. Participants performed the single-leg squat screen, monitored by 1 certified athletic trainer with 8 years of clinical experience (A.N.M.) in the

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Steven J. Smith and Cameron J. Powden

: GLTEQ = Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire; FAAM = Foot and Ankle Ability Measure. Procedures Each participant took part in a single 60-min data collection session in which they completed all measurement tasks under all bracing conditions (lace-up brace, TayCo, and no brace). Prior to testing