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Ali Brian, Laura Bostick, Angela Starrett, Aija Klavina, Sally Taunton Miedema, Adam Pennell, Alex Stribing, Emily Gilbert and Lauren J. Lieberman

Fundamental motor skills (FMS) are the building blocks to more complex movement patterns, sport participation, and physical activity (PA; Clark & Metcalfe, 2002 ). FMS, which include locomotor skills (e.g., run, gallop, jump, leap, skip, slide, hop), must be taught in a developmentally appropriate

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Jonathon J.S. Weakley, Dale B. Read, Hugh H.K. Fullagar, Carlos Ramirez-Lopez, Ben Jones, Cloe Cummins and John A. Sampson

information typically being available to practitioners and scientists after exercise. In addition, these devices can also be used to provide “live” feedback, which can inform staff of internal and external load throughout a match or training session. Live information of locomotor metrics (eg, total distance

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Mathieu Lacome, Ben M. Simpson, Yannick Cholley and Martin Buchheit

small-sided games (SSGs) can be used to improve football-specific fitness and match winning–related factors. 1 – 3 The key programming elements of SSGs are now well understood: a range of variables can be modulated to affect intensity and, in turn, the metabolic and locomotor responses. 4 Nevertheless

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Sheri L. Berkeley, Lauriece L. Zittel, Lisa V. Pitney and Stacia E. Nichols

The purpose of this study was to examine the locomotor and object control skills of children, ages 6–8 years, with autism and to compare their performances with the norms reported by Ulrich (1985) for the Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD). Consistent with trends from the general population, differences were found between boys (n = 10) and girls (n = 5) with the largest differences found in the object control skill performances. Overall fundamental skill delays were demonstrated by 73% of all participants, placing them in the poor and very poor TGMD performance categories. These findings support the need to assess the gross motor skills of young children with autism in addition to other developmental skill areas outlined in diagnostic manuals.

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Mohsen Shafizadeh, Nicola Theis and Keith Davids

 al., 2018 ). A RaceRunning bike has three wheels (in a triangular orientation), a saddle, a chest plate, and two handlebars to regulate the user’s postural control and balance while engaging in locomotor patterns of walking and running (see Figure  1 ). It is estimated that during a 6-min RaceRunning trial

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Chantale Ferland, Hélène Moffet and Désirée B. Maltais

Ambulatory children and youth with cerebral palsy have limitations in locomotor capacities and in community mobility. The ability of three locomotor tests to predict community mobility in this population (N = 49, 27 boys, 6–16 years old) was examined. The tests were a level ground walking test, the 6-min-Walk-Test (6MWT), and two tests of advanced locomotor capacities, the 10-meter-Shuttle-Run-Test (10mSRT) and the Timed-Up-and-Down-Stairs-Test (TUDS). Community mobility was measured with the Assessment of Life Habits mobility category. After age and height were controlled, regression analysis identified 10mSRT and TUDS values as significant predictors of community mobility. They explained about 40% of the variance in the Life Habits mobility category scores. The 10mSRT was the strongest predictor (standardized Beta coefficient = 0.48, p = 0.002). The 6MWT was not a significant predictor. Thus, advanced locomotor capacity tests may be better predictors of community mobility in this population than level ground walking tests.

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Benjamin Pageaux, Jean Theurel and Romuald Lepers

knee extensors. 23 Our results demonstrate that completion of prolonged cycling and uphill walking exercises increases perception of effort during a subsequent running exercise. This higher perceived exertion is in accordance with previous studies demonstrating that locomotor muscle fatigue increases

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Steve Barrett

’ external loads. 2 – 4 Locomotor activities such as total distance covered (TDC), high-speed running distance covered (HSR), or sprinting distance covered (SP 4 ) are common external load metrics used by practitioners. More recently, accelerometers have been utilized to monitor the external load of soccer

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Takeshi Kokubo, Yuta Komano, Ryohei Tsuji, Daisuke Fujiwara, Toshio Fujii and Osamu Kanauchi

test”. After exercise, mice were immediately moved to cages where locomotor activity was measured for 18 hr. In Experiment 2, mice were divided into two groups (control and LC-Plasma [ n  = 15/group]) and fed either the control diet or the LC-Plasma diet for 4 weeks. During this period, mice were

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Mathieu Lacome, Ben M. Simpson, Yannick Cholley, Philippe Lambert and Martin Buchheit

proficiency, tactical awareness, speed, strength, and endurance performance. 6 , 8 – 10 Nevertheless, the typical SSG formats that are most likely to target specific physiological attributes, as required within the tactical periodization model, are still unknown. Surprisingly also, how does the locomotor