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Gretchen Kerr, Anthony Battaglia and Ashley Stirling

 al., 2005 ; Holt, 2016 ). While each of these factors can positively influence athletes’ experiences and developmental outcomes, these same factors can negatively influence athletes’ sport experiences ( Fraser-Thomas & Côté, 2009 ; Yabe et al., 2018 ). Growing awareness of incidence of maltreatment such

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Stewart A. Vella

participants in youth sport and may be particularly pertinent for those in higher levels of competition. Maltreatment and abuse in youth sport represent risks for young participants with particularly severe consequences ( Kerr, Battaglia, & Stirling, 2019 ). Among other vulnerable groups, children are at

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Nicole Johnson, Katie Hanna, Julie Novak and Angelo P. Giardino

community youth sport in the U.S., reports in the media continue to highlight the significance of this problem. Studies using a variety of methodologies are emerging and report significant rates of sexual, physical, and emotional maltreatment of young athletes. For example, due to variations in the methods

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Gretchen Kerr, Erin Willson and Ashley Stirling

), and Canada’s national team alpine skiing coach, Bertrand Charest, who sexually abused his female athletes ( Donovan, 2019 ), are some of many examples. Stemming from the child abuse literature, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, physical abuse, and neglect are covered by the term “maltreatment.” Crooks

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Daniel Gould

essential that the growing concerns over child maltreatment, physical and sexual abuse, bullying, and neglect in youth sport be addressed ( Kerr et al., 2019 ; Mountjoy et al., 2016 ; Noble & Vermillion, 2014 ; Nurse, 2018 ). These concerns are well founded, with a reported 1 in 10 U.S. children being

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Leslee A. Fisher

psychological maltreatment . In M. Feerick , J.F. Knutson , P.K. Trickett , & S. Flanzer (Eds.), Child abuse and neglect . Baltimore, MD : Brookes Publishing . Bringer , J.D. , Brackenridge , C.H. , & Johnston , L.H. ( 2001 ). The name of the game: A review of sexual exploitation of

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Kim Gammage, Desi McEwan, Lori Dithurbide, Alison Ede, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin and Kathleen Wilson

characteristics in which bodies not meeting “normal” criteria become targets of maltreatment while exercising. Another finding appeared to reflect the assumption that the woman of this Facebook post was a dieter or was trying to lose weight rather than participating out of pure enjoyment; thus, this woman was

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Ross D. Neville, Fergal Lyons, Brendan Doyle and Kimberley D. Lakes

obese ( Krombholz, 2012 ), and exposed to other forms of maltreatment and abuse ( Sartori, Bandeira, Nobre, da Silva Ramalho, & Valentini, 2017 ). Other factors within the ecology of development that are implied in different studies are parenting style and motor affordances in the home ( Freitas

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Zoë A. Poucher, Katherine A. Tamminen and Gretchen Kerr

–athlete relationship and for athletes’ psychosocial development. Burke ( 2001 ) argued that each subsequent time an athlete relies on a coach, the level of athlete dependence is strengthened, and if taken to the extreme, it may increase the athlete’s vulnerability to maltreatment by their coach. Although the present

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Emma Kavanagh, Chelsea Litchfield and Jaquelyn Osborne

consumers in online spaces. In fact, the virtual maltreatment of athletes is a rapidly emerging and highly significant problem in contemporary sport. Therefore, further enquiry is required relating to how high-profile women such as athletes experience gender-based online violence while in their place of