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Hans C. Schmidt

At one point in time, sports were seen as merely a diversion from other parts of life, and fledgling sport media were no more than a newspaper’s “toy department” staffed by semiprofessionals whose work was, at best, seen as tangential to the newspaper’s main business ( Billings, 2011 ; Kian

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David Atkin, Leo W. Jeffres, Jae-Won Lee and Kimberly A. Neuendorf

The current study examined relationships between sports consumption, values, and media use. In particular, the authors considered relationships between athletic or physical values, perceptions of their portrayal in the entertainment media, sports media use, athletic behaviors (attending events, playing sports), and general media use. A probability survey in a major metropolitan area revealed that sports fandom is related to the importance of being healthy, athletic, and physically fit. These findings suggest that the “passive” leisure allocations commonly ascribed to sports viewing do not displace “active” leisure in the form of actual attendance at sporting events and programs. With regard to sports competition generally, then, the authors see little support for Putnam’s (1995, 2001) metaphor of “bowling alone” (or media-induced malaise) among our sports fans.

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Sylvain Cubizolles

This article studies the progress of sports media coverage through a new form of headline treatment: parody. It presents the analysis of a corpus including the “best of” from the satiric program Les Guignols de l’Info. This program has been broadcast each evening on the French television channel Canal+ since 1989. The study is based on 265 sketches from 1990 to 2006 and asks the central questions of caricatures in the sports world: what they represent and what they assess. A list of appearances of the various puppets on the show is presented. The central figure of the sports world at Les Guignols de l’Info is the champion who is finally judged—through his or her different attributed caricature traits—on the core value of his or her authenticity. Although it criticizes the world of sports, Les Guignols redeems these sport champions.

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Qingru Xu and Andrew C. Billings

athletes and two coaches posted identical messages on social media to express their support: “At this moment, we don’t feel like playing anymore because we miss you Liu Guoliang” ( Li & Shepherd, 2017 , para. 3). Given that top table tennis players are treated as superstars in China ( Langfitt, 2008 ), the

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Tywan G. Martin, Jessica Wallace, Young Ik Suh, Kysha Harriell and Justin Tatman

A number of media reports have surfaced over the last couple of years citing many concerns about sport-related concussion (SRC) and its short- and long-term consequences. In particular, American football has received a significant amount of media coverage in this area. Published empirical studies

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Mark Lowes and Christopher Robillard

media and society and the power structures that shape and influence our daily existence” ( Boyle, 2012 , p. 89). As sport journalists move away from what they consider the core of their reporting practices, nonprofessionals in digital journalism are moving toward it. Exploring the implications of this

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Adam Karg, Heath McDonald and Civilai Leckie

media options have proliferated since sport was first broadcast on radio in the early 1900s. For consumers, live attendance brings with it many social opportunities, the thrill of the crowd, and the bragging rights of having “been there.” Broadcast consumption comes with lower costs ( Solberg & Mehus

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Michelle Hayes, Kevin Filo, Caroline Riot and Andrea Geurin

Athletes have been able to enjoy enhanced interactions with fans, increase their profile and visibility, and manage their image through the power of social media ( Geurin-Eagleman & Burch, 2016 ; Hambrick, Simmons, Greenhalgh, & Greenwell, 2010 ; Pegoraro, 2010 ). However, media and practitioners

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Jo Ann M. Buysse and Bria Borcherding

DePauw’s (1997) theoretical construct of sport and how we view the body focuses on three socially constructed ideals of physicality, masculinity, and sexuality. Those who do not fit into these ideals are marginalized when it comes to sport participation and media coverage. In this study the authors examined photographs from 12 print newspapers in five countries during the 2008 Paralympic Games in Beijing to determine how Paralympic athletes were treated. They examined the number of photographs and the content of each to determine whether athletes with disabilities are portrayed as tokens who are marginalized or treated as elite athletes. The findings support DePauw’s construct and point to gender and disability differences and hierarchy in print-media photographs.

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Nicholas Wise and John Harris

Carlos Tevez is an Argentinean football player who plays for Manchester City in the English Premier League. Having previously played for City’s fierce local rivals, Manchester United, he has forged an interesting identity in the city. This study analyzes the various meanings allotted to him, with emphasis on his presence surrounding the construction of alternative (re)presentations of Argentina in the local (Manchester) and national (England) media. A host of newspaper articles surrounding his transfer to Manchester City and the first derby match of the season was used as the base for this study. The conceptual approach incorporates imaginative geographies of sport, relating to how individuals create contested identities of place.