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  • Psychology and Behavior in Sport/Exercise x
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Kelsey Dow, Robert Pritchett, Karen Roemer and Kelly Pritchett

Commercial “carbohydrate-replacement” beverages (sports drinks), which contain added carbohydrate to aid in muscle glycogen resynthesis, are commonly used as part of post-exercise recovery routines. Recently, studies have suggested that low-fat chocolate milk is an effective post-exercise recovery

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Anita L. Stewart, Melanie Grossman, Nathalie Bera, Dawn E. Gillis, Nina Sperber, Martha Castrillo, Leslie Pruitt, Barbara McLellan, Martha Milk, Kate Clayton and Diana Cassady

Diffusing research-based physical activity programs in underserved communities could improve the health of ethnically diverse populations. We utilized a multilevel, community-based approach to determine attitudes, resources, needs, and barriers to physical activity and the potential diffusion of a physical activity promotion program to reach minority and lower-income older adults. Formative research using focus groups and individual interviews elicited feedback from multiple community sectors: community members, task force and coalition members, administrators, service implementers, health care providers, and physical activity instructors. Using qualitative data analysis, 47 transcripts (N = 197) were analyzed. Most sectors identified needs for culturally diverse resources, promotion of existing resources, demonstration of future cost savings, and culturally tailored, proactive outreach. The program was viewed favorably, especially if integrated into existing resources. Linking sectors to connect resources and expertise was considered essential. Complexities of such large-scale collaborations were identified. These results may guide communities interested in diffusing health promotion interventions.

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Hazzaa M. Al-Hazzaa, Mohammad A. Alahmadi, Hana I. Al-Sobayel, Nada A. Abahussain, Dina M. Qahwaji and Abdulrahman O. Musaiger


Few studies have reported comprehensive and valid physical activity (PA) data for Saudi youth. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine patterns and determinants of PA among Saudi adolescents.


A cross-sectional study was conducted in Saudi secondary schools (15–19 years) during 2009/2010 and used multistage stratified cluster sample (N = 2866, 51.7% females). Weight, height, sedentary behaviors, PA, and dietary habits were assessed.


Roughly 44% of males and 20% of females were active (≥ 1 hour/day). Males in public schools were more active than in private schools, whereas the opposite was true for females. Females exercise mostly at home, whereas males exercise at public places. The majority of females exercise alone or with relatives, whereas males largely exercise with friends. Males were active for health and recreation whereas females were active for weight loss and recreation. Lack of time was the primary reason for inactivity in both sexes. The predictors of total PA time were gender, intakes of fruit, milk, energy drinks and vegetables and waist/height ratio (R 2 = 0.145).


The high inactivity levels, especially among females, are of great concern. Promotion of active living among youth should be a national public health priority.

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Upon Gender Role Identity and Mental Toughness in Female Athletes Jenny Meggs * Mark Chen * Danielle Mounfield * 27 1 37 44 10.1123/wspaj.2017-0041 wspaj.2017-0041 Chocolate Milk as a Post-Exercise Recovery Aid in Division II Collegiate Volleyball Players Kelsey Dow * Robert Pritchett * Karen

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Bera * Dawn E. Gillis * Nina Sperber * Martha Castrillo * Leslie Pruitt * Barbara McLellan * Martha Milk * Kate Clayton * Diana Cassady * 7 2006 14 3 270 287 10.1123/japa.14.3.270 Yearlong Physical Activity and Health-Related Quality of Life in Older Japanese Adults: The Nakanojo Study

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Heather L. Colleran, Andrea Hiatt, Laurie Wideman and Cheryl A. Lovelady

Lactation is a critical period of rapid bone turnover. During lactation, infant suckling stimulates prolactin, the hormone responsible for breast milk production. Prolactin initiates the release of parathyroid hormone-related peptide from the mammary tissue into the bloodstream. 1 The presence of

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Tom Clifford

manage these symptoms in older adults. Some of the most popular strategies to attenuate EIMD are nutritional and pharmacological supplements, such as antioxidants (AOXs; McGinley, Shafat, & Donnelly, 2009 ), milk ( Cockburn, Robson-Ansley, Hayes, & Stevenson, 2012 ; Cockburn, Hayes, French, Stevenson

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Catherine E. Tong, Joanie Sims Gould and Heather A. McKay

the stores, get some groceries, little bit not too much because I can’t carry too much. [I go to] the shops on Fraser Street. But I don’t carry those milk cans. My kids bring them in the car…my husband brings the heavier stuff like flour and other heavy grocery stuff, milk, in the car. (Salma, 76

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Annemarthe L. Herrema, Marjan J. Westerman, Ellen J.I. van Dongen, Urszula Kudla and Martijn Veltkamp

followed the 12-week program. During this period they received protein-rich dairy products (variety of yogurts, quarks, milk, yogurt drinks, and cheeses) free of charge, which they consumed during breakfast and lunch (average compliance rate based on self-report: 94.2%). In addition, they attended a

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Yuri Alberto Freire, Geovani de Araújo Dantas de Macêdo, Rodrigo Alberto Vieira Browne, Luiz Fernando Farias-Junior, Ágnes Denise de Lima Bezerra, Ana Paula Trussardi Fayh, José Cazuza de Farias Júnior, Kevin F. Boreskie, Todd A. Duhamel and Eduardo Caldas Costa

time − HIIE session time (ie, ∼30 min). Standardized meals (ie, created to supply 70% of daily energy needs; 60% kcal as carbohydrate, 25% kcal as fat, and 15% kcal as protein) were offered at breakfast (toast, cream cheese, and chocolate milk; baseline), morning snack (mango juice and cookies; 3 h