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Thom T.J. Veeger, Annemarie M.H. de Witte, Monique A.M. Berger, Rienk M.A. van der Slikke, Dirkjan (H.E.J.) Veeger and Marco J.M. Hoozemans

. For the latter, both ball skills and wheelchair handling skills—or “mobility performance”—are essential. Mobility performance in itself is dependent on both physical performance and capacity, and quality of wheelchair handling. Thus, mobility performance is not only dependent on physical athlete

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Clément Theurillat, Ilona Punt, Stéphane Armand, Alice Bonnefoy-Mazure and Lara Allet

sprains. 8 , 9 Quantification of ankle kinematics is an important area for clinicians and researchers. In a clinical setting the ROM is mostly measured with a classical goniometer, which allows the assessment of the joint mobility in 1 single plane. The circumduction movement is complex and the center of

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Annemarie M.H. de Witte, Monique A.M. Berger, Marco J.M. Hoozemans, Dirkjan H.E.J. Veeger and Lucas H.V. van der Woude

three elements that continuously interact physical performance (athlete capabilities), mobility performance (wheelchair–athlete interaction), and game performance (athlete basketball tactics and skills; de Witte, Hoozemans, Berger, van der Woude, & Veeger, 2016 ). Game performance in wheelchair

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Thomas G. Palmer, D, Bradley Wilson, Mallory Kohn and Sarah Miko

The Graston technique (GT) is prescribed to increase range of motion (ROM) in pathological patients, however little evidence exists regarding the effect GT has on healthy soft tissue joint ROM. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect GT would have on ankle dorsifl xion when compared with traditional static stretching (TS) among 50 healthy track and field volunteers. Participants were randomly assigned to a GT, TS, or control group. GT yielded a greater increase in talocrural joint dorsifl xion when compared with TS. GT seems to provide mobility to healthy tissue, such as fascia and muscle not previously reported.

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Afshin Moghadasi, Gholamali Ghasemi, Ebrahim Sadeghi-Demneh and Masoud Etemadifar

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a common neurodegenerative disease causing disability and mobility restriction. This disabling disease leads to reduced independence, increased risk of falling, limitations in activities, and the disability of people to carry out activities of daily living. 1 – 3 Studies

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Deborah A.M. Jehu, Nicole Paquet and Yves Lajoie

a viable proxy to improve obstacle clearance and attention demand in older adults. In an attempt to further understand the control mechanisms of dual-task obstacle accommodation following training, the present experiment first aimed to determine whether 12 weeks of balance and mobility training (BMT

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Mary Hellen Morcelli, Dain Patrick LaRoche, Luciano Fernandes Crozara, Nise Ribeiro Marques, Camilla Zamfolini Hallal, Mauro Gonçalves and Marcelo Tavella Navega

Mobility is an important functional condition in older adults, which requires good walking gait performance as it is essential to many daily activities. 1 – 3 A common gait speed criterion for identifying mobility limitation is the ability to walk at 1.22 m·s −1 , which is the walking speed

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Aaron Witwer and Eric Sauers

Context:

Overhead stress from both swimming and throwing in water-polo players might lead to alterations in shoulder mobility and subsequent injury.

Objective:

To evaluate clinical measures of shoulder mobility in college water-polo players.

Design:

Repeated measures.

Setting:

University athletic training facility.

Patients:

31 Division I water-polo athletes.

Main Outcome Measures:

Measures were obtained for both the dominant and nondominant shoulders. Scapular upward rotation was measured using a digital inclinometer, posterior shoulder tightness was assessed by recording horizontal adduction with the scapula stabilized, and passive isolated glenohumeral-joint internal- and external-rotation range of motion were measured using goniometry.

Results:

No significant difference was observed between sides for scapular upward rotation (P = .68), posterior shoulder tightness (P = .25), or internal rotation (P = .41). A significant difference between sides was present for external rotation (P < .0001) and total arc of motion (P = .039).

Conclusions:

The dominant shoulders demonstrated significantly greater external rotation and a significantly greater total arc of motion than the nondominant shoulders did.

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Chantale Ferland, Hélène Moffet and Désirée B. Maltais

Ambulatory children and youth with cerebral palsy have limitations in locomotor capacities and in community mobility. The ability of three locomotor tests to predict community mobility in this population (N = 49, 27 boys, 6–16 years old) was examined. The tests were a level ground walking test, the 6-min-Walk-Test (6MWT), and two tests of advanced locomotor capacities, the 10-meter-Shuttle-Run-Test (10mSRT) and the Timed-Up-and-Down-Stairs-Test (TUDS). Community mobility was measured with the Assessment of Life Habits mobility category. After age and height were controlled, regression analysis identified 10mSRT and TUDS values as significant predictors of community mobility. They explained about 40% of the variance in the Life Habits mobility category scores. The 10mSRT was the strongest predictor (standardized Beta coefficient = 0.48, p = 0.002). The 6MWT was not a significant predictor. Thus, advanced locomotor capacity tests may be better predictors of community mobility in this population than level ground walking tests.

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Eric Sauers, Anna August and Alison Snyder

Context:

Stretching prior to activity or as a rehabilitative intervention may promote increased throwing shoulder range of motion (ROM) in baseball pitchers.

Objective:

To evaluate the acute effects of Fauls modified passive stretching routine on throwing shoulder mobility in collegiate baseball players.

Design:

Repeated measures.

Setting:

Laboratory.

Participants:

Thirty collegiate baseball players with unimpaired shoulders.

Interventions:

Fauls modified passive stretching routine was performed on the throwing shoulder of each subject.

Outcome Measures:

Shoulder complex and passive isolated glenohumeral internal and external rotation ROM were measured with a goniometer, and posterior shoulder tightness was assessed with the Tyler’s test method using a carpenter’s square. Measurements were made bilaterally.

Results:

The dominant shoulder displayed significant increases in glenohumeral and shoulder complex internal and external rotation ROM and significantly decreased posterior shoulder tightness following the stretching routine.

Conclusion:

Application of the Fauls modified passive shoulder stretching routine results in acute gains in throwing shoulder mobility of collegiate baseball players.