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Philip W. Fink, Sarah P. Shultz, Eva D’Hondt, Matthieu Lenoir and Andrew P. Hills

Multifractal analyses have been used in recent years as a way of studying balance, with the goal of understanding the patterns of movement of the center of pressure at different spatial scales. A multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis was used to compare obese and nonobese children to investigate the cause of previously demonstrated deficiencies in balance for obese children. Twenty-two children (11 obese and 11 nonobese), aged 8–15 years, performed 30-s trials of bilateral static balance on a plantar pressure distribution measuring device. Both the obese and nonobese groups demonstrated greater persistence for small fluctuations, but the effect was greater in the obese group. This was particularly evident with the eyes closed, where significant differences between the obese and nonobese were observed for small fluctuations. These results demonstrate that balance deficiencies in obese children may be the result of decreased proprioceptive abilities in obese children.

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Carly C. Sacco, Erin M. Gaffney and Jesse C. Dean

.2519/jospt.1999.29.12.718 10.2519/jospt.1999.29.12.718 6. Green AM , Angelaki DE . Multisensory integration: resolving sensory ambiguities to build novel representations . Curr Opin Neurobiol . 2010 ; 20 : 353 – 360 . PubMed doi:10.1016/j.conb.2010.04.009 10.1016/j.conb.2010.04.009 20471245 7. Horak FB

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Anat V. Lubetzky, Daphna Harel, Helene Darmanin and Ken Perlin

not reweight a visual stimulus with increased frequency. These studies and others ( Logan, Kiemel, & Jeka, 2014 ; Polastri & Barela, 2013 ) were designed to study multisensory integration across the lifespan and with disease. They also provide a paradigm to study the effect of environmental changes

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Julie Vaughan-Graham, Kara Patterson, Karl Zabjek and Cheryl A. Cott

addition, multisensory integration occurring through distributed cerebral networks (cortical and subcortical) underpins human movement perception ( Kavounoudias et al., 2008 ). With respect to foot contact with a support surface, the shape, depth, and alignment of the foot provide valuable information

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Alberto Pardo-Ibáñez, Jose L. Bermejo, Sergio Gandia, Julien Maitre, Israel Villarrasa-Sapiña, Isaac Estevan and Xavier Garcia-Masso

been used to characterize multisensory integration in postural control and spatial orientation ( Jeka, Oie, & Kiemel, 2000 ; Mahboobin, Loughlin, Redfern, & Sparto, 2005 ; Oie, Kiemel, & Jeka, 2002 ; Peterka & Loughlin, 2004 ; van der Kooij, Jacobs, Koopman, & van der Helm, 2001 ). Some authors