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Achraf Ammar, Stephen J. Bailey, Omar Hammouda, Khaled Trabelsi, Nabil Merzigui, Kais El Abed, Tarak Driss, Anita Hökelmann, Fatma Ayadi, Hamdi Chtourou, Adnen Gharbi and Mouna Turki

natural grass (NG) surfaces in official football tournaments. 5 Since this official approval, use of AT has increased exponentially for both training and competition. 6 – 8 Accordingly, an increasing number of research studies have been conducted to assess the influence of playing surface on various

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Jorge López-Fernández, Javier Sánchez-Sánchez, Jorge García-Unanue, José Luis Felipe, Enrique Colino and Leonor Gallardo

In recent years, the third generation artificial turf (AT) systems have become an alternative to natural grass (NG) surfaces, mainly due to the standardization of AT systems under the aegis of international bodies such as the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) and the European

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Enrique Colino, Jorge Garcia-Unanue, Leonor Gallardo, Carl Foster, Alejandro Lucia and Jose Luis Felipe

few reporting the SA and VD of running surfaces. When comparing natural grass, artificial turf, and asphalt, they reported that the cost of running on both natural grass and artificial turf was ∼5% higher than on asphalt. As SA and VD values for the 2 grass surfaces were similar and both significantly

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Michael E. Hales and John D. Johnson II

( 2 ): 469 – 478 . PubMed ID: 11796653 doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.01164.2000 10.1152/japplphysiol.01164.2000 11796653 8. Sassi A , Stefanescu A , Menaspa P , Bosio A , Riggo M , Rampinini E . The cost of running on natural grass and artificial turf surfaces . J Strength Cond Res

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Yusuf Köklü, Utku Alemdaroğlu, Hamit Cihan and Del P. Wong

higher internal and external loads. 15 The SSGs were performed on artificial grass soccer pitches in this study. Previous studies have found similar energy expenditures and internal and external loads when playing soccer on artificial grass versus natural grass. 28 – 30 Table 1 Characteristics of Small

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Blake D. McLean, Cloe Cummins, Greta Conlan, Grant Duthie and Aaron J. Coutts

thereby increasing the nonrunning-based activity. All drills were completed on a natural grass rugby league field with players wearing playing footwear. Between each team sport activity, players rested for approximately 5 minutes (always >4 min) before beginning the next activity. • Running: players

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Heita Goto and James A. King

.1080/02640410050120078 11043895 38. Sassi A , Stefanescu A , Menaspa' P , Bosio A , Riggio M , Rampinini E . The cost of running on natural grass and artificial turf surfaces . J Strength Cond Res . 2011 ; 25 : 606 – 11 . PubMed ID: 20647952 doi:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181c7baf9 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181c7baf9

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Javier Yanci, Daniel Castillo, Aitor Iturricastillo, Tomás Urbán and Raúl Reina

speeds, accelerations, decelerations, PL, PMP, and COD) was collected for both halves during every official match (N = 42 players with CP, 8 matches, and 62 individual observations). All official matches analyzed were played in the same sports facilities (70 × 50 m, natural grass). Footballers’ external

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Andrea Nicolò, Marco Montini, Michele Girardi, Francesco Felici, Ilenia Bazzucchi and Massimo Sacchetti

with the experimental protocols of the following visits. On visits 2 to 3, participants performed, in random order, 2 shuttle-run HIIT protocols differing in the work-to-recovery ratio (15:30 vs 30:15 s). All the tests were performed on a natural grass soccer field, in good weather conditions, and at

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Martin Buchheit, Mathieu Lacome, Yannick Cholley and Ben Michael Simpson

. PubMed doi:10.1055/s-2005-837569 10.1055/s-2005-837569 16475063 11. Girard O , Racinais S , Kelly L , Millet GP , Brocherie F . Repeated sprinting on natural grass impairs vertical stiffness but does not alter plantar loading in soccer players . Eur J Appl Physiol . 2011 ; 111 ( 10