Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 54 items for :

  • "normalization" x
  • Social Studies in Sport and Physical Activity x
  • Psychology and Behavior in Sport/Exercise x
Clear All
Restricted access

Mallory Mann and Vikki Krane

to perform gender and sex in a myriad of ways, cultural expectations and social rewards encourage hegemonic representations which then normalize the heterosexual matrix. As Waldron ( 2016 ) expressed, “despite the fluidity of gender and sexuality through performative acts, repeated performances of

Restricted access

Kamiel Reid and Christine Dallaire

. Consequently, female soccer referees may find it difficult to challenge the normalized patriarchal and masculinized structures and practices associated with both their position and sport culture, and thus adopt the esteemed gendered practices in order to be accepted and recognized just as other sportswomen

Restricted access

Emily A. Roper

Fear of violent crime and concern for personal safety are well documented fears among women (Bialeschki & Hicks, 1998; Wesley & Gaarder, 2004). Feminist theorists argue that concern for personal safety among women is one of the most significant ways in which women’s lives and their use of space is controlled and restricted (Bialeschki, 1999; Cops & Pleysier, 2011). Employing a feminist standpoint framework (Hill Collins, 2000), the purpose of this study was to qualitatively examine recreational female runners’ concerns for safety while running outdoors in an urban park setting and the strategies employed to negotiate or manage their concerns. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 20 female recreational runners. Interview data were analyzed following the procedures outlined by Corbin and Strauss (2007) for open and axial coding. The following themes emerged from the interview data: (a) fear of being attacked, (b) environmental and social cues, (c) normalization of street harassment, (d) negotiation strategies, and (e) recommendations for enhancing safety. The findings provide important information pertaining to women’s access to safe outdoor space in which to exercise. Perceptions of safety, fear of being attacked and experiences of harassment have the power to negatively influence women’s engagement and enjoyment in outdoor PA/exercise.

Restricted access

ARTICLES Race and Exercise Engagement: Investigating the High-Calorie-Burning Activities of White and Black Collegiate Women Buffie Longmire-Avital * Takudzwa Madzima * Elyse Bierut * 1 10 2018 26 2 69 75 10.1123/wspaj.2017-0047 wspaj.2017-0047 Inclusion and Normalization of Queer Identities

Restricted access

Gretchen Kerr, Erin Willson and Ashley Stirling

which abuse occurs and is allowed to perpetuate either through normalization, the over-prioritization of performance outcomes, or the failure of bystanders to intervene ( Breger, Holman, & Guerrero, 2019 ; Nite & Nauright, 2019 ). Recently, several high-profile international cases of athlete abuses

Restricted access

Leslee A. Fisher

Nassar’s abuse included (a) a toxic and corrosive versus respectful athlete environment, (b) sex-based discrimination and misogyny as the norm which normalized inappropriate conduct directed at female athletes by men in power, (c) those with the most power (i.e., coaches, sport medicine doctors) were the

Restricted access

Dana K. Voelker and Justine J. Reel

can see the stress just kind of when you look at them, and it’s almost like a panic at times . . . . I guess they don’t feel good enough and they need to do something to make them better at skating . . . like lose weight or something.” These body pressure experiences were also normalized, as Tom

Restricted access

Nicole Johnson, Katie Hanna, Julie Novak and Angelo P. Giardino

have historically had access to children without the barrier of safeguarding practices, allowing more opportunities for abuse to occur ( Owton & Sparkes, 2017 ). In the grooming process, the abuser typically normalizes increasingly inappropriate behavior with their victim, progressing from what appear

Restricted access

body image in promoting and preventing women from engaging in exercise. Examples of how to improve body image that are relevant to women who exercise were to be considered. These included focusing on health and nutritional needs rather than body weight, normalizing healthy eating, encouraging women to

Restricted access

Colin J. Lewis, Simon J. Roberts, Hazel Andrews and Rebecca Sawiuk

situation or laughing off the jokes rather than confronting or reporting the behavior, Stacey exhibits a common reaction to such a situation. As the scene in the bar escalates, Stacey is heard “asking . . . wanting . . . [and] begging for him to stop.” The story demonstrates how Tony appears to normalize