lead to the enhancement of psychological factors, such as autonomy, competence, and confidence ( Harvey et al., 2009 ; Malone et al., 2012 ; Shapiro & Martin, 2010 ). Finally, participation in parasport provides youth with a sense of community by creating meaningful peer relationships that are often
Pierre Lepage, Gordon A. Bloom and William R. Falcão
Kirsti Van Dornick and Nancy L.I. Spencer
Parasport 1 has grown significantly over the past 60 years, with the Paralympic Games becoming the second largest multisport event on Earth ( Steadward & Peterson, 1997 ). To gain access to competitive parasport, athletes with physical, sensory, and intellectual impairment are classified
Marion E. Hambrick, Mary A. Hums, Glenna G. Bower and Eli A. Wolff
Elite athletes require the most advanced sports equipment to maintain their competitive edge, but manufacturers cannot always satisfy these athletes’ specific equipment needs. Sport involvement can influence sports-equipment selections and is described as the process by which individuals rely on attitudes and belief systems to make sports-related consumption decisions. This study involved semistructured interviews with 5 elite Parasport athletes to identify and analyze the role of sport involvement in their selection of sports equipment. The results revealed that the athletes identified product limitations, created a collaborative environment, and promoted a culture of innovation to develop new sports products and address existing limitations. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.
Shaunna L. Taylor, Penny Werthner and Diane Culver
The complex process of sport coaching is a dynamic and evolving practice that develops over a long period of time. As such, a useful constructivist perspective on lifelong learning is Jarvis’ (2006, 2009) theory of human learning. According to Jarvis, how people learn is at the core of understanding how we can best support educational development. The purpose of the current study is to explore the lifelong learning of one parasport coach who stood out in his feld, and how his coaching practice evolved and developed throughout his life. A thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2006) was used to extract themes and examples from three two-hour interviews as well as interviews with key collaborators in his coaching network. The findings reveal a coach whose coaching practice is founded on pragmatic problem solving in the face of a lack in resources; an investment in formal and nonformal adapted activity education at the start of his parasport career; and observation, communication, and relationship-building with his athletes and the parasport community. Suggestions are provided for coach developers on how they might invest resources and create learning opportunities for coaches of athletes with a disability.
Danielle Peers, Timothy Konoval and Rebecca Marsh Naturkach
Since 1991, the Canadian government has sought to increase the levels of participation, support, and equality of disabled 1 athletes by maximizing the integration of parasports 2 into the mainstream sport system ( Government of Canada, 2006 ). This means that mainstream National Sport
Nima Dehghansai and Joseph Baker
compared with individuals without impairments ( Canadian Human Rights Commission, 2012 ). Prior work suggests that participation in parasport contributes to an increase in self-belief and a sense of accomplishment that in turn can increase self-confidence and provide a sense of belonging via social
Nima Dehghansai, Srdjan Lemez, Nick Wattie and Joseph Baker
Compared with mainstream sport athletes, relatively little is known regarding the factors affecting the development of athletes with a disability. Sport-specific training programs are essential to athletes’ successful performance; to create appropriate programs and strategies, a clear understanding of the nuances of development of athletes with a disability is important. The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize existing research on development in athletes with a disability and examine the key determinants of successful development and sporting performance. After a search of the Web of Science and SPORTDiscus databases, 21 articles were identified that met the inclusion criteria, which were assessed using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool and categorized into 3 groups: training and practice, shortterm interventions, and long-term changes due to training. Among the studies, there was a disproportionate focus on immediate interventions and training programs and less on long-term development. The review reflected a lack of research on sportspecific development of athletes with a disability, which raises concerns regarding the effectiveness and appropriateness of current training practices.
Scott Douglas, William R. Falcão and Gordon A. Bloom
first author had in the parasport context, the makeup of our unique sample, the theoretical constructs used in the study, as well as the methods of data collection and analysis ( Smith et al., 2014 ). The width of the research was accomplished using numerous quotations that gave voice to the
Alan J. McCubbin, Bethanie A. Allanson, Joanne N. Caldwell Odgers, Michelle M. Cort, Ricardo J.S. Costa, Gregory R. Cox, Siobhan T. Crawshay, Ben Desbrow, Eliza G. Freney, Stephanie K. Gaskell, David Hughes, Chris Irwin, Ollie Jay, Benita J. Lalor, Megan L.R. Ross, Gregory Shaw, Julien D. Périard and Louise M. Burke
acclimation strategies (e.g., hot bath or sauna posttraining). Para-sport athletes Reduced thermoregulatory sweating and cutaneous blood flow in athletes with spinal cord lesions, with greater impairments with higher spinal cord lesions. Amputees have reduced skin surface area to dissipate heat, and
Celina H. Shirazipour, Madelaine Meehan and Amy E. Latimer-Cheung
The Invictus Games are a parasport competition for service members and veterans with illnesses and injuries. The 2014 Games were aired by the BBC, for a total of 12 hr of coverage. This study aimed to investigate what messages were conveyed regarding parasport for veterans during the BBC’s Invictus Games broadcast. A content analysis was conducted. Five qualitative themes were identified: sport as rehabilitation, the promotion of ability over disability, the social environment, key outcomes of participation, and the importance of competition. Quantitative results indicated that 2 segment types accounted for the majority of the broadcast: sport coverage (50.57%) and athlete experiences (12.56%). Around half of the coverage focused on participants with a physical disability (51.62%). The findings demonstrate key similarities to and differences from previous explorations of parasport media coverage, with the needs of the event and athlete population potentially influencing the broadcast.