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Wendy Frisby, Susan Crawford and Therese Dorer

In contrast to traditional approaches to research, participatory action research calls for the active involvement of the community—including both the beneficiaries and providers of sport services—in defining research problems, executing interventions, interpreting results, and designing strategies to change existing power structures. The purpose of this paper was to analyze a participatory action research project designed to increase the access of women living below the poverty line and their families to local physical activity services. A framework developed by Green et al. (1995) formed the basis of the analysis. To place the analysis in context, the historical origins and theoretical assumptions underlying participatory action research were addressed. The case of the Women's Action Project demonstrated how the process can result in a more inclusive local sport system and, at the same time, provide a rich setting for examining organizational dynamics including collaborative decision-making, community partnerships, power imbalances, resource control, resistance to change, and nonhierarchical structures.

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Lyndsay M.C. Hayhurst, Lisa McIntosh Sundstrom and Emma Arksey

(through the RNGO) began funding the LNGO’s fútbol interventions focused on SRHR education and GBV prevention. Postcolonial Feminist Participatory Action Research (PFPAR) Data for this study were collected through PFPAR strategies, guided by a postcolonial feminist lens and involved a combination of in

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Wendy Frisby, Colleen J. Reid, Sydney Millar and Larena Hoeber

Although there has been a rise in calls for participatory forms of research, there is little literature on the challenges of involving research participants in all phases of the research process. Actively involving research participants requires new strategies, new researcher and research-participant roles, and consideration of a number of ethical dilemmas. We analyzed the strategies employed and challenges encountered based on our experiences conducting feminist participatory action research with a marginalized population and a variety of community partners over 3 years. Five phases of the research process were considered including developing the research questions, building trust, collecting data, analyzing data, and communicating the results for action. Our goals were to demonstrate the relevance of a participatory approach to sport management research, while at the same time acknowledging some of the realities of engaging in this type of research.

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Laurence Chalip

Policy analytic methods derived from hermeneutics and critical theory are particularly useful for the analysis of sport policy discourse. A key objective of such methods is to provide analyses with the potential to empower stakeholders by locating key attributions and legitimations that direct and constrain policy options. This concern for empowerment links policy analysis to recent arguments for the utility of participatory action research in sport management. Techniques of critical policy analysis provide a useful adjunct tool because they furnish interpretations and critiques that can be used by undervalued or excluded stakeholders to challenge debilitating policy assumptions. Two key Procedures for critical interpretation are illustrated via application to the discourse guiding the formulation of New Zealand's sport policies. Legitimation critique exposes key reasons why athletes were never pivotal to policy deliberations, and why subsequent policy outcomes fail to address key athlete concerns. Attribution critique illumines the presuppositions that caused the development of sport infrastructure or sport programs to be excluded from the policy focus. It is argued that policy design failures of this kind can be averted via the application of critical policy analysis during policy design.

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Kim Toffoletti, Catherine Palmer and Sumaya Samie

, these studies, in different ways, offer rich insights on the meanings women assign to their running practices within global and local discourses on physical activity, gender and health. Further contributions to methods include an extension of participatory action research to postcolonial feminist

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Mitchell McSweeney

increasing number of organizations, scholars, and graduate students continue to become more involved with the growing field. Although participatory action research and other critical methodologies have been called for in the field, examples of reflexivity by emerging and novice scholars has been limited

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Emma Seal and Emma Sherry

. Methodology This study used a participatory action research approach (PAR), which is informed by other scholars in this area, particularly those working in LMIC contexts with Indigenous youth. PAR involves planning and conducting the research process in partnership with the individuals whose lives, worlds

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Pirkko Markula

action research. Giardina ( 2017 ) observed that qualitative research courses, subsequently, are oriented generally around what he characterized as a “toolbox” or “bookshelf” approach. In these courses, students quite rightly learn about interviews, focus groups, case study, ethnography, participant

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Holly Thorpe, Lyndsay Hayhurst and Megan Chawansky

Culture, 21 ( 3 ), 297 – 315 . doi:10.1080/0966369X.2013.802674 10.1080/0966369X.2013.802674 Hayhurst , L.M.C. ( 2017 ). Image-ining resistance: Using postcolonial feminist participatory action research and visual research methods in sport for development and peace . Third World Thematics, 2 ( 1

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John N. Singer, Sally Shaw, Larena Hoeber, Nefertiti Walker, Kwame J. A. Agyemang and Kyle Rich

small number of sport management researchers are using. At this conference, we had presentations based on discourse analysis, participatory action research, photoelicitation, narratives, and reflexivity, to name some that I am aware of. On the other hand, I feel like our field is not doing enough to