This study investigated whether soccer penalty-takers can exploit predictive information from the goalkeeper’s actions. Eight low- and seven high-skilled participants kicked balls in a penalty task with the goalkeeper’s action displayed on a large screen. The goalkeeper initiated his dive either before, at or after the ball was struck. The percentage of balls shot to the empty half of the goal was not above chance when the participants could only rely on predictive information. Gaze patterns suggested that the need to fixate the target location to maintain aiming accuracy hindered perceptual anticipation. It is argued that penalty-takers should select a target location in advance of the run-up to the ball and disregard the goalkeeper’s actions.
Jonathan D. Connor, Robert G. Crowther and Wade H. Sinclair
? Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12 ( S2 ), e180 – 181 . doi:10.1016/j.jsams.2009.10.380 10.1016/j.jsams.2009.10.380 Piras , A. , & Vickers , J.N. ( 2011 ). The effect of fixation transitions on quiet eye duration and performance in the soccer penalty kick: Instep versus inside kicks
Monna Arvinen-Barrow, Nathan Maresh and Jennifer Earl-Boehm
all mascots. To be performed in single-leg stance. Super Saver (Kinect Sports Season 1) Balance training Moderate Soccer goalkeeper challenge in a penalty kick setting. Stop as many shots as possible until 3 missed attempts. Round has no time limit. To be performed in single-leg stance. Tennis (Kinect